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Chronic ETA receptor blockade prevents endothelial dysfunction of small arteries in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice


d'Uscio, L (2002). Chronic ETA receptor blockade prevents endothelial dysfunction of small arteries in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Cardiovascular Research, 53(2):487-495.

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated whether endothelial dysfunction occurs in mesenteric arteries of apoE-deficient mice and determined the role of endothelin (ET)-1, which is increased in human atherosclerosis, using an orally active endothelin ETA receptor antagonist. Methods: ApoE-deficient and C57BL/6J control mice were fed for 30 weeks with normal chow or high-fat Western-type diet alone or in combination with darusentan (LU135252; 50 mg/kg/day). Vasomotor reactivity of isolated small mesenteric arteries (I.D. 200-250 μm) was studied in vitro under perfused and pressurized conditions. Results: In both mouse strains, about one fourth of the endothelium-dependent relaxant response to acetylcholine was insensitive to inhibition by l-NAME and indomethacin. In mesenteric arteries of apoE-deficient mice on Western-type diet, increased intima-media thickness and levels of endothelin-1 protein were observed. In addition, NO-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine was reduced without affecting l-NAME/indomethacin insensitive relaxation and contractions to endothelin-1 and serotonin were enhanced. Treatment with darusentan normalized vascular structure, NO-mediated relaxation to acetylcholine and contractions to endothelin-1 and serotonin without affecting blood pressure or plasma cholesterol levels. Conclusions: Severe hypercholesterolemia in apoE-deficient mice is associated with attenuation of NO-mediated relaxation to acetylcholine and increased vascular endothelin-1 content. Chronic ETA receptor blockade may provide a new therapeutic approach to improve NO-mediated endothelium-dependent vasomotion in small arteries

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated whether endothelial dysfunction occurs in mesenteric arteries of apoE-deficient mice and determined the role of endothelin (ET)-1, which is increased in human atherosclerosis, using an orally active endothelin ETA receptor antagonist. Methods: ApoE-deficient and C57BL/6J control mice were fed for 30 weeks with normal chow or high-fat Western-type diet alone or in combination with darusentan (LU135252; 50 mg/kg/day). Vasomotor reactivity of isolated small mesenteric arteries (I.D. 200-250 μm) was studied in vitro under perfused and pressurized conditions. Results: In both mouse strains, about one fourth of the endothelium-dependent relaxant response to acetylcholine was insensitive to inhibition by l-NAME and indomethacin. In mesenteric arteries of apoE-deficient mice on Western-type diet, increased intima-media thickness and levels of endothelin-1 protein were observed. In addition, NO-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine was reduced without affecting l-NAME/indomethacin insensitive relaxation and contractions to endothelin-1 and serotonin were enhanced. Treatment with darusentan normalized vascular structure, NO-mediated relaxation to acetylcholine and contractions to endothelin-1 and serotonin without affecting blood pressure or plasma cholesterol levels. Conclusions: Severe hypercholesterolemia in apoE-deficient mice is associated with attenuation of NO-mediated relaxation to acetylcholine and increased vascular endothelin-1 content. Chronic ETA receptor blockade may provide a new therapeutic approach to improve NO-mediated endothelium-dependent vasomotion in small arteries

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Physiology
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Health Sciences > Physiology (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 February 2002
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 14:30
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0008-6363
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s0008-6363(01)00469-2

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