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Statins prevent pulsatile stretch-induced proliferation of human saphenous vein smooth muscle cells via inhibition of Rho/Rho-kinase pathway


Kozai, T; Eto, M; Yang, Z; Shimokawa, H; Lüscher, Thomas F (2005). Statins prevent pulsatile stretch-induced proliferation of human saphenous vein smooth muscle cells via inhibition of Rho/Rho-kinase pathway. Cardiovascular Research, 68(3):475-482.

Abstract

Objective: Pulsatile forces regulate vascular remodeling and trigger vascular diseases such as saphenous vein graft disease. The saphenous vein is exposed to high pressure and pulsatility only after implantation. Statins have been proved to reduce the incidence of vein graft failure. Thus, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of pulsatile stretch-induced saphenous vein smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and potential beneficial effects of statins. Methods and results: Human saphenous vein SMCs were subjected to cyclic stretch (60 cycles/min) in Flex I plates. Cerivastatin and simvastatin significantly prevented stretch-induced increase in SMC proliferation. Stretch induced the membrane accumulation of Rho A and Rho kinase inhibitors (Y-27632 and hydroxyfasudil) and dominant negative Rho A mutant significantly prevented stretch-induced SMC proliferation. In addition, stretch increased the levels of both p44/42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and Akt phosphorylation. MAP kinase kinase (MEK)1/2 inhibitor U0126, phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibitors (wortmaninn and LY294002), and dominant negative Akt mutant significantly prevented stretch-induced SMC proliferation. Cerivastatin significantly prevented stretch-induced membrane accumulation of Rho A. On the other hand, stretch-induced phosphorylation of p44/42 MAP kinase and Akt was not prevented by cerivastatin. Mevalonate restored the preventive effect of cerivasatain on stretch-induced Rho A membrane accumulation. Stretch induced hyperphosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRb), which was prevented by cerivastatin and the Rho kinase inhibitors. Conclusion: Statins prevent stretch-induced saphenous vein SMC proliferation via inhibition of the Rho/Rho-kinase pathway. This may explain the beneficial effects of this class of drug, especially for patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

Abstract

Objective: Pulsatile forces regulate vascular remodeling and trigger vascular diseases such as saphenous vein graft disease. The saphenous vein is exposed to high pressure and pulsatility only after implantation. Statins have been proved to reduce the incidence of vein graft failure. Thus, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of pulsatile stretch-induced saphenous vein smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and potential beneficial effects of statins. Methods and results: Human saphenous vein SMCs were subjected to cyclic stretch (60 cycles/min) in Flex I plates. Cerivastatin and simvastatin significantly prevented stretch-induced increase in SMC proliferation. Stretch induced the membrane accumulation of Rho A and Rho kinase inhibitors (Y-27632 and hydroxyfasudil) and dominant negative Rho A mutant significantly prevented stretch-induced SMC proliferation. In addition, stretch increased the levels of both p44/42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and Akt phosphorylation. MAP kinase kinase (MEK)1/2 inhibitor U0126, phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibitors (wortmaninn and LY294002), and dominant negative Akt mutant significantly prevented stretch-induced SMC proliferation. Cerivastatin significantly prevented stretch-induced membrane accumulation of Rho A. On the other hand, stretch-induced phosphorylation of p44/42 MAP kinase and Akt was not prevented by cerivastatin. Mevalonate restored the preventive effect of cerivasatain on stretch-induced Rho A membrane accumulation. Stretch induced hyperphosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRb), which was prevented by cerivastatin and the Rho kinase inhibitors. Conclusion: Statins prevent stretch-induced saphenous vein SMC proliferation via inhibition of the Rho/Rho-kinase pathway. This may explain the beneficial effects of this class of drug, especially for patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Physiology
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Health Sciences > Physiology (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 December 2005
Deposited On:23 Oct 2018 13:05
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0008-6363
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardiores.2005.07.002

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