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A new source for cardiovascular tissue engineering: human bone marrow stromal cells☆


Kadner, Alexander; Hoerstrup, Simon P; Zund, Gregor; Eid, Karim; Maurus, Christine; Melnitchouk, Serguei; Grunenfelder, Jurg; Turina, Marko I (2002). A new source for cardiovascular tissue engineering: human bone marrow stromal cells☆. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 21(6):1055-1060.

Abstract

Objective: Vascular-derived cells represent an established cell source for tissue engineering of cardiovascular constructs. Previously, cell isolation was performed by harvesting of vascular structures prior to scaffold seeding. Marrow stromal cells (MSC) demonstrate the ability to differentiate into multiple mesenchymal cell lineages and would offer an alternative cell source for tissue engineering involving a less invasive harvesting technique. We studied the feasibility of using MSC as an alternative cell source for cardiovascular tissue engineering. Methods: Human MSC were isolated from bone marrow and expanded in culture. Subsequently MSC were seeded on bioabsorbable polymers and grown in vitro. Cultivated cells and seeded polymers were studied for cell characterization and tissue formation including extracellular matrix production. Applied methods comprised flow cytometry, histology, immunohistochemistry, transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and biochemical assays. Results: Isolated MSC demonstrated fibroblast-like morphology. Phenotype analysis revealed positive signals for alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin. Histology and SEM of seeded polymers showed layered tissue formation. TEM demonstrated formation of extracellular matrix with deposition of collagen fibrils. Matrix protein analysis showed production of collagen I and III. In comparison to vascular-derived cell constructs quantitative analysis demonstrated comparable amounts of extracellular matrix proteins in the tissue engineered constructs. Conclusions: Isolated MSC demonstrated myofibroblast-like characteristics. Tissue formation on bioabsorbable scaffolds was feasible with extracellular matrix production comparable to vascular-cell derived tissue engineered constructs. It appears that MSC represent a promising cell source for cardiovascular tissue engineering

Abstract

Objective: Vascular-derived cells represent an established cell source for tissue engineering of cardiovascular constructs. Previously, cell isolation was performed by harvesting of vascular structures prior to scaffold seeding. Marrow stromal cells (MSC) demonstrate the ability to differentiate into multiple mesenchymal cell lineages and would offer an alternative cell source for tissue engineering involving a less invasive harvesting technique. We studied the feasibility of using MSC as an alternative cell source for cardiovascular tissue engineering. Methods: Human MSC were isolated from bone marrow and expanded in culture. Subsequently MSC were seeded on bioabsorbable polymers and grown in vitro. Cultivated cells and seeded polymers were studied for cell characterization and tissue formation including extracellular matrix production. Applied methods comprised flow cytometry, histology, immunohistochemistry, transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and biochemical assays. Results: Isolated MSC demonstrated fibroblast-like morphology. Phenotype analysis revealed positive signals for alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin. Histology and SEM of seeded polymers showed layered tissue formation. TEM demonstrated formation of extracellular matrix with deposition of collagen fibrils. Matrix protein analysis showed production of collagen I and III. In comparison to vascular-derived cell constructs quantitative analysis demonstrated comparable amounts of extracellular matrix proteins in the tissue engineered constructs. Conclusions: Isolated MSC demonstrated myofibroblast-like characteristics. Tissue formation on bioabsorbable scaffolds was feasible with extracellular matrix production comparable to vascular-cell derived tissue engineered constructs. It appears that MSC represent a promising cell source for cardiovascular tissue engineering

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 June 2002
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 14:39
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/s1010-7940(02)00079-9

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