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Bacterial concentrations in pus and infected peritoneal fluid-- implications for bactericidal activity of antibiotics


Konig, C (1998). Bacterial concentrations in pus and infected peritoneal fluid-- implications for bactericidal activity of antibiotics. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 42(2):227-232.

Abstract

Little is known about how many bacteria are present at an infectious focus at the onset of antibiotic therapy. The number of cfu was determined in pus and infected peritoneal fluids obtained from 41 patients. Pathogens were detected in 71% of specimens. There were high concentrations of bacteria in culture-positive samples, in both soft-tissue and peritoneal infections, averaging 2 x 10(8) cfu/mL. These concentrations were much higher than the standard inoculum size used in in-vitro susceptibility tests, 5 x 10(5) cfu/mL. The impact of this discrepancy on antibacterial efficacy was studied with amikacin, ciprofloxacin, imipenem and piperacillin against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The inhibitory and bactericidal activities of amikacin and ciprofloxacin determined with high inocula were two to four times lower than with standard inocula, whereas the activity of piperacillin was diminished at least 128-fold. Similar activity was observed with these drugs in Mueller-Hinton broth and peritoneal fluid. The bactericidal activity of imipenem was reduced in peritoneal fluid. Thus, conditions prevailing at the infection site may compromise antibiotic activity determined in vitro

Abstract

Little is known about how many bacteria are present at an infectious focus at the onset of antibiotic therapy. The number of cfu was determined in pus and infected peritoneal fluids obtained from 41 patients. Pathogens were detected in 71% of specimens. There were high concentrations of bacteria in culture-positive samples, in both soft-tissue and peritoneal infections, averaging 2 x 10(8) cfu/mL. These concentrations were much higher than the standard inoculum size used in in-vitro susceptibility tests, 5 x 10(5) cfu/mL. The impact of this discrepancy on antibacterial efficacy was studied with amikacin, ciprofloxacin, imipenem and piperacillin against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The inhibitory and bactericidal activities of amikacin and ciprofloxacin determined with high inocula were two to four times lower than with standard inocula, whereas the activity of piperacillin was diminished at least 128-fold. Similar activity was observed with these drugs in Mueller-Hinton broth and peritoneal fluid. The bactericidal activity of imipenem was reduced in peritoneal fluid. Thus, conditions prevailing at the infection site may compromise antibiotic activity determined in vitro

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Pharmacology
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Health Sciences > Pharmacology (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 August 1998
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 14:43
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-7453
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/42.2.227

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