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Deactivation of macrophages with interleukin‐4 is the key to the isolation of Tropheryma whippelii


Schoedon, Gabriele; Goldenberger, Daniel; Forrer, Regula; Gunz, Anja; Dutly, Fabrizio; Höchli, Mathias; Altwegg, Martin; Schaffner, Andreas (1997). Deactivation of macrophages with interleukin‐4 is the key to the isolation of Tropheryma whippelii. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 176(3):672-677.

Abstract

Whipple's disease is a systemic illness caused by a specific agent. Despite recognition of bacteria in lesions, efforts to isolate the causative agent remained futile. A novel strategy was devised to culture Whipple bacilli in deactivated mononuclear phagocytes. Infected tissue was inoculated into human phagocytes deactivated with interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, and dexamethasone. Within 8-10 days, diastase-resistant periodic acid-Schiff-positive inclusions appeared, corresponding to intact and degenerating bacteria shown to be Tropheryma whippelii by electron microscopy and molecular analyses. T. whippelii was passaged several times in deactivated monocytes and a monoblastic cell line. Time-kinetics growth studies and comparative polymerase chain reaction analysis documented multiplication of T. whippelii in deactivated macrophages. Complementary studies showed that IL-4 rendered phagocytes permissive for T. whippelii, a strong indication that host factors contribute to the pathogenesis of Whipple's disease. The propagation of T. whippelii will permit microbiologic, immunologic, seroepidemiologic, and therapeutic studies of this pathogen

Abstract

Whipple's disease is a systemic illness caused by a specific agent. Despite recognition of bacteria in lesions, efforts to isolate the causative agent remained futile. A novel strategy was devised to culture Whipple bacilli in deactivated mononuclear phagocytes. Infected tissue was inoculated into human phagocytes deactivated with interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, and dexamethasone. Within 8-10 days, diastase-resistant periodic acid-Schiff-positive inclusions appeared, corresponding to intact and degenerating bacteria shown to be Tropheryma whippelii by electron microscopy and molecular analyses. T. whippelii was passaged several times in deactivated monocytes and a monoblastic cell line. Time-kinetics growth studies and comparative polymerase chain reaction analysis documented multiplication of T. whippelii in deactivated macrophages. Complementary studies showed that IL-4 rendered phagocytes permissive for T. whippelii, a strong indication that host factors contribute to the pathogenesis of Whipple's disease. The propagation of T. whippelii will permit microbiologic, immunologic, seroepidemiologic, and therapeutic studies of this pathogen

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Immunology and Allergy
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 September 1997
Deposited On:15 Nov 2018 14:59
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:27
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1086/514089
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101086514089 (Library Catalogue)

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