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Elevated asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and inverse correlation between circulating ADMA and glomerular filtration rate in children with sporadic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)


Lucke, T; Kanzelmeyer, N; Chobanyan, K; Tsikas, D; Franke, D; Kemper, M J; Ehrich, J H H; Das, A M (2007). Elevated asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and inverse correlation between circulating ADMA and glomerular filtration rate in children with sporadic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 23(2):734-740.

Abstract

Background. Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndromes (NS) with focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) can be differentiated into sporadic and syndromic forms. In sporadic NS, a circulating FSGS-factor is discussed in the pathogenesis and is thought to inhibit the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) from l-arginine by blocking the NO synthase (NOS). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of all types of NOS. In a previous study we did not find an elevation of ADMA in a syndromic form of FSGS, the Schimke-immuno-osseous dysplasia. Here we report for the first time data on the l-arginine/NO pathway in sporadic FSGS of childhood. Methods. Nine children (5 to 18 years of age) suffering from sporadic FSGS and age-matched healthy controls were investigated. ADMA in plasma and urine as well as l-arginine in plasma were determined by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The NO metabolites nitrate and nitrite were measured in plasma and urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The ADMA metabolite dimethylamine (DMA) was measured in urine by GC-MS. Results. We found elevated plasma levels of ADMA in children suffering from sporadic FSGS compared to healthy controls (851 nmol/L versus 684 nmol/L, P = 0.008). An inverse correlation between ADMA and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was found in sporadic FSGS (Pearson's correlation coefficient −0.784, P = 0.012). Conclusion. Our study suggests that ADMA synthesis is elevated in sporadic FSGS. This finding argues for the involvement of ADMA in the pathogenesis of this disease in childhood

Abstract

Background. Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndromes (NS) with focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) can be differentiated into sporadic and syndromic forms. In sporadic NS, a circulating FSGS-factor is discussed in the pathogenesis and is thought to inhibit the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) from l-arginine by blocking the NO synthase (NOS). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of all types of NOS. In a previous study we did not find an elevation of ADMA in a syndromic form of FSGS, the Schimke-immuno-osseous dysplasia. Here we report for the first time data on the l-arginine/NO pathway in sporadic FSGS of childhood. Methods. Nine children (5 to 18 years of age) suffering from sporadic FSGS and age-matched healthy controls were investigated. ADMA in plasma and urine as well as l-arginine in plasma were determined by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The NO metabolites nitrate and nitrite were measured in plasma and urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The ADMA metabolite dimethylamine (DMA) was measured in urine by GC-MS. Results. We found elevated plasma levels of ADMA in children suffering from sporadic FSGS compared to healthy controls (851 nmol/L versus 684 nmol/L, P = 0.008). An inverse correlation between ADMA and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was found in sporadic FSGS (Pearson's correlation coefficient −0.784, P = 0.012). Conclusion. Our study suggests that ADMA synthesis is elevated in sporadic FSGS. This finding argues for the involvement of ADMA in the pathogenesis of this disease in childhood

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:30 October 2007
Deposited On:16 Nov 2018 15:12
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:43
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0931-0509
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfm761
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093ndtgfm761 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:18175783

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