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Comparison of the Antimicrobial Activity of Deactivated Human Macrophages Challenged with Aspergillus fumigatus and Listeria monocytogenes


Meier-Osusky, I; Schoedon, G; Blauer, F; Schneemann, M; Schaffner, A (1996). Comparison of the Antimicrobial Activity of Deactivated Human Macrophages Challenged with Aspergillus fumigatus and Listeria monocytogenes. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 174(3):651-654.

Abstract

The anticonidial activity of human monocytes deactivated by cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 and the hormone dexamethasone was studied and compared with antilisterial activity. Dexamethasone had the largest effect on the anticonidial activity and suppressed germination-inhibiting activity and elimination of ingested spores by macrophages more than the cytokines did. Maximally active concentrations of IL-10 had a similar but significantly smaller deactivating effect. IL-4, in contrast to IL-10 and dexamethasone, did not reduce anticonidial activity. However, IL-4 and IL-10 were equally potent in deactivating human macrophages against Listeria monocytogenes, whereas dexamethasone was significantly less potent in the Listeria model. These observations indicate that all three mediators lessen antimicrobial activity but that this effect depends on the test organism studied and is apparently mediated through regulation of different antimicrobial systems operating against a particular microorganism

Abstract

The anticonidial activity of human monocytes deactivated by cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 and the hormone dexamethasone was studied and compared with antilisterial activity. Dexamethasone had the largest effect on the anticonidial activity and suppressed germination-inhibiting activity and elimination of ingested spores by macrophages more than the cytokines did. Maximally active concentrations of IL-10 had a similar but significantly smaller deactivating effect. IL-4, in contrast to IL-10 and dexamethasone, did not reduce anticonidial activity. However, IL-4 and IL-10 were equally potent in deactivating human macrophages against Listeria monocytogenes, whereas dexamethasone was significantly less potent in the Listeria model. These observations indicate that all three mediators lessen antimicrobial activity but that this effect depends on the test organism studied and is apparently mediated through regulation of different antimicrobial systems operating against a particular microorganism

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Immunology and Allergy
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 September 1996
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 06:44
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/174.3.651

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