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Virological and Immunological Effects of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy with Zidovudine, Lamivudine, and Indinavir during Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection


Smith, Don; Berrey, M Michelle; Robertson, Michael; Mehrotra, Devan; Markowitz, Martin; Perrin, Luc; Clumeck, Nathan; Lazzarin, Adriano; Burckhardt, Beat; Weber, Rainer; Corey, Lawrence; Cooper, David A (2000). Virological and Immunological Effects of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy with Zidovudine, Lamivudine, and Indinavir during Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 182(3):950-954.

Abstract

Forty-seven patients presenting with primary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were treated with zidovudine 200 mg 3 times a day, lamivudine 150 mg 2 times a day, and indinavir 800 mg 3 times a day for 1 year. From a mean pretreatment viral RNA level of 4.93 log10 copies/mL, the proportions of patients having <500 copies/mL at 24 and 52 weeks were 92.0% and 89.2%, respectively. For the 35 patients with data available at 24 and 52 weeks, the corresponding proportions for the <50 copies/mL analysis were 86.6% and 79.3%, respectively. The change in virus load was −2.19 and −2.41 log10 copies/mL at weeks 8 and 52, respectively. CD4 cell counts increased, from a mean of 546 cells/mm3, by 142 cells/mm3 at week 24 and by 210 cells/mm3 at week 52. Three patients discontinued the study because of drug-related toxicity. Six (12.8%) patients had adverse experiences associated with nephrolithiasis. Combination therapy with zidovudine, lamivudine, and indinavir during primary HIV infection results in a profound and sustained reduction in virus load with concurrent recovery of the CD4 cell population

Abstract

Forty-seven patients presenting with primary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were treated with zidovudine 200 mg 3 times a day, lamivudine 150 mg 2 times a day, and indinavir 800 mg 3 times a day for 1 year. From a mean pretreatment viral RNA level of 4.93 log10 copies/mL, the proportions of patients having <500 copies/mL at 24 and 52 weeks were 92.0% and 89.2%, respectively. For the 35 patients with data available at 24 and 52 weeks, the corresponding proportions for the <50 copies/mL analysis were 86.6% and 79.3%, respectively. The change in virus load was −2.19 and −2.41 log10 copies/mL at weeks 8 and 52, respectively. CD4 cell counts increased, from a mean of 546 cells/mm3, by 142 cells/mm3 at week 24 and by 210 cells/mm3 at week 52. Three patients discontinued the study because of drug-related toxicity. Six (12.8%) patients had adverse experiences associated with nephrolithiasis. Combination therapy with zidovudine, lamivudine, and indinavir during primary HIV infection results in a profound and sustained reduction in virus load with concurrent recovery of the CD4 cell population

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 September 2000
Deposited On:26 Sep 2018 12:25
Last Modified:24 Nov 2018 03:05
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-1899
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1086/315753
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101086315753 (Library Catalogue)

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