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Left ventricular relaxation at rest and during handgrip in aortic valve disease before and after valve replacement


Deuel, W; Hess, O M; Turina, M; Senning, A; Krayenbuehl, H P (1983). Left ventricular relaxation at rest and during handgrip in aortic valve disease before and after valve replacement. European Heart Journal, 4(8):592-598.

Abstract

In 14 patients (pts) with aortic valve disease (A VD) left ventricular (LV) relaxation was assessed by the time constant (T) of LV pressure (tipmanometer) fall before and 19 months after successful aortic valve replacement (A VR). 12 control pts (CO) were studied by the same technique. Preoperative LV ejection fraction in AVD (64%) and in CO (69%) did not differ. In AVD T was increased (60 ms) as compared to the CO (38 ms, P< 0.05). During handgrip (HG) there was a similar increase of LV peak systolic pressure (LVSP), heart rate and peak measured contractile element velocity of shortening in A VD and in the CO. L V end-diastolic pressure varied minimally in both groups. T decreased during handgrip in CO (38 to 33 ms, P<0.01) and remained unchanged in A VD. Following AVR T at rest decreased insignificantly to 52 ms, but remained increased (P<0.025) as compared with CO. During postoperative HG however, a decrease to 47ms (P<0.05) was noted. Postoperative angiographic LV muscle mass (105 g/m2) and LVSP at rest (137 mmHg) remained elevated (P<0.02) as compared to CO (72 g/m2; 119 mmHg). It is concluded that (1) in A VD with normal ejection performance L V relaxation at rest is prolonged and the reaction of relaxation to HG is abnormal despite preserved contractile response, (2) following A VR the response of LV relaxation to HG becomes normal and (3) elevated postoperative T at rest appears to be related to residual hypertrophy and probably also to the still increased LVSP rather than to intrinsic disturbances of myocardial relaxation

Abstract

In 14 patients (pts) with aortic valve disease (A VD) left ventricular (LV) relaxation was assessed by the time constant (T) of LV pressure (tipmanometer) fall before and 19 months after successful aortic valve replacement (A VR). 12 control pts (CO) were studied by the same technique. Preoperative LV ejection fraction in AVD (64%) and in CO (69%) did not differ. In AVD T was increased (60 ms) as compared to the CO (38 ms, P< 0.05). During handgrip (HG) there was a similar increase of LV peak systolic pressure (LVSP), heart rate and peak measured contractile element velocity of shortening in A VD and in the CO. L V end-diastolic pressure varied minimally in both groups. T decreased during handgrip in CO (38 to 33 ms, P<0.01) and remained unchanged in A VD. Following AVR T at rest decreased insignificantly to 52 ms, but remained increased (P<0.025) as compared with CO. During postoperative HG however, a decrease to 47ms (P<0.05) was noted. Postoperative angiographic LV muscle mass (105 g/m2) and LVSP at rest (137 mmHg) remained elevated (P<0.02) as compared to CO (72 g/m2; 119 mmHg). It is concluded that (1) in A VD with normal ejection performance L V relaxation at rest is prolonged and the reaction of relaxation to HG is abnormal despite preserved contractile response, (2) following A VR the response of LV relaxation to HG becomes normal and (3) elevated postoperative T at rest appears to be related to residual hypertrophy and probably also to the still increased LVSP rather than to intrinsic disturbances of myocardial relaxation

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 August 1983
Deposited On:19 Nov 2018 16:45
Last Modified:23 Nov 2018 19:06
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.eurheartj.a061525
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093oxfordjournalseurheartja061525 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:6641751

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