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The use of invasive techniques, angiography and indicator dilution, for quantification of valvular regurgitations


Krayenbuehl, H P; Ritter, M; Hess, O M; Hirzel, H (1987). The use of invasive techniques, angiography and indicator dilution, for quantification of valvular regurgitations. European Heart Journal, 8(suppl C):1-9.

Abstract

Angiographic techniques have been used for the quantification of mitral or aortic and rarely tricuspid regurgitation. Mitral or aortic regurgitant volume per beat and the regurgitation fraction (fao and fm, respectively) are obtained from the angiographic determination of total left ventricular stroke volume (TSV) and forward stroke volume (FSV) estimated by a different technique. Although this procedure is generally accepted as the gold standard for quantification of left heart regurgitations, there are several limitations: In the presence of mitral and aortic regurgitation no separate quantification of fao and fm is feasible; heart rate at the time of determination of FSV (from Fick or dye dilution cardiac output) and of TSV (angio) may be different; there is a tendency to consistently overestimate stroke volume by angio techniques; repeated estimations of TSV by angio are influenced by the circulatory effects of the contrast dye. In contrast indicator dilution techniques, where upstream and downstream sampling allow the simultaneous estimation of forward and regurgitant flow, the accuracy of the determination of FSV is well established and repeated estimations of fao and fm are possible because the indicators do not have cardiovascular effects. These methods are, however, crucially dependent on thorough mixing of the regurgitant volume with the blood in the upstream chamber. In 23 patients with isolated aortic regurgitation there was a positive correlation between fao evaluated by thermodilution and fao determined by the biplane angio-Fick method (r = 0.59). fao by thermodilution averaged 0.40 and fao by angio-Fick 0.46 (NS). In 23 patients with isolated mitral regurgitation there was also a positive correlation between fm determined by thermodilution and fm determined by angio-Fick (r = 0.71). However, fm by thermodilution was consistently smaller than fm by angio-Fick (average values 0.45 and 0.55, respectively, P < 0.005)

Abstract

Angiographic techniques have been used for the quantification of mitral or aortic and rarely tricuspid regurgitation. Mitral or aortic regurgitant volume per beat and the regurgitation fraction (fao and fm, respectively) are obtained from the angiographic determination of total left ventricular stroke volume (TSV) and forward stroke volume (FSV) estimated by a different technique. Although this procedure is generally accepted as the gold standard for quantification of left heart regurgitations, there are several limitations: In the presence of mitral and aortic regurgitation no separate quantification of fao and fm is feasible; heart rate at the time of determination of FSV (from Fick or dye dilution cardiac output) and of TSV (angio) may be different; there is a tendency to consistently overestimate stroke volume by angio techniques; repeated estimations of TSV by angio are influenced by the circulatory effects of the contrast dye. In contrast indicator dilution techniques, where upstream and downstream sampling allow the simultaneous estimation of forward and regurgitant flow, the accuracy of the determination of FSV is well established and repeated estimations of fao and fm are possible because the indicators do not have cardiovascular effects. These methods are, however, crucially dependent on thorough mixing of the regurgitant volume with the blood in the upstream chamber. In 23 patients with isolated aortic regurgitation there was a positive correlation between fao evaluated by thermodilution and fao determined by the biplane angio-Fick method (r = 0.59). fao by thermodilution averaged 0.40 and fao by angio-Fick 0.46 (NS). In 23 patients with isolated mitral regurgitation there was also a positive correlation between fm determined by thermodilution and fm determined by angio-Fick (r = 0.71). However, fm by thermodilution was consistently smaller than fm by angio-Fick (average values 0.45 and 0.55, respectively, P < 0.005)

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2 August 1987
Deposited On:18 Oct 2018 09:53
Last Modified:24 Nov 2018 03:06
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/8.suppl_c.1
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101093eurheartj8suppl_C1 (Library Catalogue)

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