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Kinematic effect in gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies


Sereno, M (2007). Kinematic effect in gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 380(3):1023-1028.

Abstract

Gravitational lensing provides an efficient tool for the investigation of matter structures, independent of the dynamical or the hydrostatic equilibrium properties of the deflecting system. However, it depends on the kinematic status. In fact, either a translational motion or a coherent rotation of the mass distribution can affect the lensing properties. Here, light deflection by galaxy clusters in motion is considered. Even if gravitational lensing mass measurements of galaxy clusters are regarded as very reliable estimates, the kinematic effect should be considered. A typical peculiar motion with respect to the Hubble flow brings about a systematic error ≲0.3 per cent, independent of the mass of the cluster. On the other hand, the effect of the spin increases with the total mass. For cluster masses ∼1015 M⊙, the effect of the gravitomagnetic term is ≲0.04 per cent on strong lensing estimates and ≲0.5 per cent in the weak-lensing analyses. The total kinematic effect on the mass estimate is then ≲1 per cent, which is negligible in current statistical studies. In the weak-lensing regime, the rotation imprints a typical angular modulation in the tangential shear distortion. This would allow, in principle, a detection of the gravitomagnetic field and a direct measurement of the angular velocity of the cluster but the required background source densities are well beyond current technological capabilities

Abstract

Gravitational lensing provides an efficient tool for the investigation of matter structures, independent of the dynamical or the hydrostatic equilibrium properties of the deflecting system. However, it depends on the kinematic status. In fact, either a translational motion or a coherent rotation of the mass distribution can affect the lensing properties. Here, light deflection by galaxy clusters in motion is considered. Even if gravitational lensing mass measurements of galaxy clusters are regarded as very reliable estimates, the kinematic effect should be considered. A typical peculiar motion with respect to the Hubble flow brings about a systematic error ≲0.3 per cent, independent of the mass of the cluster. On the other hand, the effect of the spin increases with the total mass. For cluster masses ∼1015 M⊙, the effect of the gravitomagnetic term is ≲0.04 per cent on strong lensing estimates and ≲0.5 per cent in the weak-lensing analyses. The total kinematic effect on the mass estimate is then ≲1 per cent, which is negligible in current statistical studies. In the weak-lensing regime, the rotation imprints a typical angular modulation in the tangential shear distortion. This would allow, in principle, a detection of the gravitomagnetic field and a direct measurement of the angular velocity of the cluster but the required background source densities are well beyond current technological capabilities

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:21 August 2007
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 16:30
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:44
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0035-8711
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12126.x
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicenceoxford101111j13652966200712126x (Library Catalogue)

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