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Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal phylogeny-related interactions with a non-host


Wagg, Cameron; Antunes, Pedro Madeira; Peterson, R Larry (2011). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal phylogeny-related interactions with a non-host. Symbiosis, 53(1):41-46.

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) form symbiotic relationships with most vascular plants including some gymnosperm species. Although species in the gymnosperm family Pinaceae normally develop ectomycorrhizal associations, AMF hyphae and vesicles, typical of members of the Suborder Glomineae, have been reported in the roots of some Pinaceae species. However, it is not known whether AMF belonging to various species and suborders are able to colonize roots of Pinaceae species and to what extent this influences the performance of Pinaceae seedlings. We tested in each of the Glomaceae, Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporineae AMF families two species for their ability to colonize and affect the growth of Pinus strobus (eastern white pine) in the presence or absence of an AMF host plant (Trifolium pretense—red clover). Glomus intraradices was the only AMF that colonized pine roots, predominantly in the presence of clover, forming intracellular hyphae and vesicles but not arbuscules. Colonization, however, did not relate to increased pine biomass and the overall presence of AMF, regardless of colonization abilities, resulted in a biomass reduction. This effect on pine seedling biomass was explained by the AMF family to which the AMF belonged, indicating that the effects of AMF on the non-host pine may be related to phylogeny. Acaulosporaceae species reduced pine biomass the most whereas, Gigasporineae species had the smallest effect on biomass. These preliminary results suggest that AMF may affect the soil microflora differently among AMF families in previously unsuspected ways with potential consequences for non-AMF host growth

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) form symbiotic relationships with most vascular plants including some gymnosperm species. Although species in the gymnosperm family Pinaceae normally develop ectomycorrhizal associations, AMF hyphae and vesicles, typical of members of the Suborder Glomineae, have been reported in the roots of some Pinaceae species. However, it is not known whether AMF belonging to various species and suborders are able to colonize roots of Pinaceae species and to what extent this influences the performance of Pinaceae seedlings. We tested in each of the Glomaceae, Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporineae AMF families two species for their ability to colonize and affect the growth of Pinus strobus (eastern white pine) in the presence or absence of an AMF host plant (Trifolium pretense—red clover). Glomus intraradices was the only AMF that colonized pine roots, predominantly in the presence of clover, forming intracellular hyphae and vesicles but not arbuscules. Colonization, however, did not relate to increased pine biomass and the overall presence of AMF, regardless of colonization abilities, resulted in a biomass reduction. This effect on pine seedling biomass was explained by the AMF family to which the AMF belonged, indicating that the effects of AMF on the non-host pine may be related to phylogeny. Acaulosporaceae species reduced pine biomass the most whereas, Gigasporineae species had the smallest effect on biomass. These preliminary results suggest that AMF may affect the soil microflora differently among AMF families in previously unsuspected ways with potential consequences for non-AMF host growth

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Language:English
Date:1 January 2011
Deposited On:23 Nov 2018 15:42
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:52
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0334-5114
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s13199-011-0107-5

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