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Thiopurine S-methyltransferase polymorphisms: efficient screening method for patients considering taking thiopurine drugs


Wusk, Barbara; Kullak-Ublick, G A; Rammert, C; von Eckardstein, A; Fried, M; Rentsch, K M (2004). Thiopurine S-methyltransferase polymorphisms: efficient screening method for patients considering taking thiopurine drugs. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 60(1):5-10.

Abstract

Objective: More than 11% of the Caucasian population are heterozygous or homozygous carriers of thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) mutants and are at risk for toxic side effects when treated with thiopurine drugs. Therefore, screening for TPMT polymorphisms in a patient prior to prescribing these agents is recommended. The goal of this study was to determine a cut-off concentration of the TPMT activity assay beyond which genotyping of the TPMT gene should be performed. Methods: The TPMT activity of 240 unrelated Caucasian subjects was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. Genotyping for the most frequent allelic variants, TPMT*2, *3A, *3B, *3C and *7 was performed by LightCycler technology and sequencing. Results: The inter-individual TPMT activity showed a range from 23nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1 to 97nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1 with a median of 56nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1. Using a cut-off concentration of 45.5nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1, a test sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 89% were reached for heterozygous carriers of a TPMT mutation. We identified 1 carrier of TPMT*2, 14 carriers of TPMT*3A and 3 carriers of TPMT*3C, resulting in a TPMT heterozygosity prevalence of 7.5%. Conclusions: This study defines the cut-off value for the TPMT phenotyping assay at 45.5nmol/g*Hb*h−1, beyond which additional genotyping elucidates the individual risk for drug therapy. Using this cut-off concentration, the number of genotyping assays could be reduced by about 60%

Abstract

Objective: More than 11% of the Caucasian population are heterozygous or homozygous carriers of thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) mutants and are at risk for toxic side effects when treated with thiopurine drugs. Therefore, screening for TPMT polymorphisms in a patient prior to prescribing these agents is recommended. The goal of this study was to determine a cut-off concentration of the TPMT activity assay beyond which genotyping of the TPMT gene should be performed. Methods: The TPMT activity of 240 unrelated Caucasian subjects was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. Genotyping for the most frequent allelic variants, TPMT*2, *3A, *3B, *3C and *7 was performed by LightCycler technology and sequencing. Results: The inter-individual TPMT activity showed a range from 23nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1 to 97nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1 with a median of 56nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1. Using a cut-off concentration of 45.5nmol MTG/g*Hb*h−1, a test sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 89% were reached for heterozygous carriers of a TPMT mutation. We identified 1 carrier of TPMT*2, 14 carriers of TPMT*3A and 3 carriers of TPMT*3C, resulting in a TPMT heterozygosity prevalence of 7.5%. Conclusions: This study defines the cut-off value for the TPMT phenotyping assay at 45.5nmol/g*Hb*h−1, beyond which additional genotyping elucidates the individual risk for drug therapy. Using this cut-off concentration, the number of genotyping assays could be reduced by about 60%

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 March 2004
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 07:59
Last Modified:20 Oct 2018 01:08
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0031-6970
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00228-004-0728-1
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0022800407281 (Library Catalogue)

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