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In-vivo flow simulation in coronary arteries based on computed tomography datasets: feasibility and initial results


Frauenfelder, Thomas; Boutsianis, Evangelos; Schertler, Thomas; Husmann, Lars; Leschka, Sebastian; Poulikakos, Dimos; Marincek, Borut; Alkadhi, Hatem (2007). In-vivo flow simulation in coronary arteries based on computed tomography datasets: feasibility and initial results. European Radiology, 17(5):1291-1300.

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to non-invasively assess hemodynamic parameters such as mass flow, wall shear stress (WSS), and wall pressure with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in coronary arteries using patient-specific data from computed tomography (CT) angiography. Five patients (two without atherosclerosis, three with atherosclerosis) underwent retrospectively electrocardiogram (ECG) gated 16-detector row CT using ECG-pulsing and geometric models of coronary arteries were reconstructed for CFD analysis. Blood flow was considered laminar, incompressible, Newtonian, and pulsatile. The mass flow, WSS, and wall pressure were quantified and flow patterns were visualized. The wall pressure continuously decreased towards distal segments and showed pressure drops in stenotic segments. In coronary segments without atherosclerotic wall changes, WSS remained low, even during phases of high flow velocity, whereas in atherosclerotic vessels, the WSS was elevated already at low flow velocities. Stenoses and post-stenotic dilatations led to flow acceleration and rapid deceleration, respectively, including a distortion of flow. Areas of high WSS and high flow velocities were found adjacent to plaques, with values correlating with the degree of stenosis. CFD provided detailed mass flow measurements. CFD analysis is feasible in normal and atherosclerotic coronary arteries and provides the rationale for further investigation of the links between hemodynamic parameters and the significance of coronary stenoses

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to non-invasively assess hemodynamic parameters such as mass flow, wall shear stress (WSS), and wall pressure with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in coronary arteries using patient-specific data from computed tomography (CT) angiography. Five patients (two without atherosclerosis, three with atherosclerosis) underwent retrospectively electrocardiogram (ECG) gated 16-detector row CT using ECG-pulsing and geometric models of coronary arteries were reconstructed for CFD analysis. Blood flow was considered laminar, incompressible, Newtonian, and pulsatile. The mass flow, WSS, and wall pressure were quantified and flow patterns were visualized. The wall pressure continuously decreased towards distal segments and showed pressure drops in stenotic segments. In coronary segments without atherosclerotic wall changes, WSS remained low, even during phases of high flow velocity, whereas in atherosclerotic vessels, the WSS was elevated already at low flow velocities. Stenoses and post-stenotic dilatations led to flow acceleration and rapid deceleration, respectively, including a distortion of flow. Areas of high WSS and high flow velocities were found adjacent to plaques, with values correlating with the degree of stenosis. CFD provided detailed mass flow measurements. CFD analysis is feasible in normal and atherosclerotic coronary arteries and provides the rationale for further investigation of the links between hemodynamic parameters and the significance of coronary stenoses

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:10 April 2007
Deposited On:29 Nov 2018 16:16
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:45
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-006-0465-1
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0033000604651 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:17061068

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