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Transplantation of infant en bloc kidneys into paediatric recipients


Laube, Guido F; Kellenberger, Christian J; Kemper, Markus J; Weber, Markus; Neuhaus, Thomas J (2006). Transplantation of infant en bloc kidneys into paediatric recipients. Pediatric Nephrology, 21(3):408-412.

Abstract

En bloc renal transplantation (EBT) from infant donors is an option for children with end-stage renal failure. Owing to potential complications, EBT is not performed in all paediatric nephrology centres. We evaluated the perioperative and long-term course of five children undergoing EBT. Primary diagnosis was atypical (diarrhoea-negative) haemolytic uraemic syndrome (n=2), interstitial nephropathy (two siblings) and branchio-oto-renal syndrome (n=1). Recipient and donor ages ranged between 5.9 and 11.1 years and 0.3 and 2.5 years, respectively. Follow-up time after EBT was 2.1-13.2 years. Perioperative complications included (1) a renal artery thrombosis, with immediate intraoperative reconstruction and primary non-functioning of the graft, with recovery after 10 days, and (2) a vesico-ureteric obstruction, successfully managed with temporary insertion of a JJ-catheter. All grafts had good long-term function. Absolute glomerular filtration rate (GFR; millilitres/minute) increased in all patients, whereas relative GFR (millilitres/minute per 1.73m2 body surface area) remained stable during the follow-up period in all but one. Kidney size increased significantly, with maximal growth during the first year after EBT; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed normal structure and vasculature. EBT is a safe and effective option for young children with end-stage renal failure. Absolute GFR and graft size increase and adapt to the children's growing body mass

Abstract

En bloc renal transplantation (EBT) from infant donors is an option for children with end-stage renal failure. Owing to potential complications, EBT is not performed in all paediatric nephrology centres. We evaluated the perioperative and long-term course of five children undergoing EBT. Primary diagnosis was atypical (diarrhoea-negative) haemolytic uraemic syndrome (n=2), interstitial nephropathy (two siblings) and branchio-oto-renal syndrome (n=1). Recipient and donor ages ranged between 5.9 and 11.1 years and 0.3 and 2.5 years, respectively. Follow-up time after EBT was 2.1-13.2 years. Perioperative complications included (1) a renal artery thrombosis, with immediate intraoperative reconstruction and primary non-functioning of the graft, with recovery after 10 days, and (2) a vesico-ureteric obstruction, successfully managed with temporary insertion of a JJ-catheter. All grafts had good long-term function. Absolute glomerular filtration rate (GFR; millilitres/minute) increased in all patients, whereas relative GFR (millilitres/minute per 1.73m2 body surface area) remained stable during the follow-up period in all but one. Kidney size increased significantly, with maximal growth during the first year after EBT; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed normal structure and vasculature. EBT is a safe and effective option for young children with end-stage renal failure. Absolute GFR and graft size increase and adapt to the children's growing body mass

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 March 2006
Deposited On:02 Nov 2018 12:57
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 11:40
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0931-041X
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-005-2129-9
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0046700521299 (Library Catalogue)

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