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Complete enzymic synthesis of the mucin-type sialyl Lewis x epitope, involved in the interaction between PSGL-1 and P-selectin


Zeng, Steffen; Gutiérrez Gallego, Ricardo; Dinter, Andre; Malissard, Martine; Kamerling, Johannis P; Vliegenthart, Johannes F G; Berger, Eric G (1999). Complete enzymic synthesis of the mucin-type sialyl Lewis x epitope, involved in the interaction between PSGL-1 and P-selectin. Glycoconjugate journal, 16(9):487-497.

Abstract

Sialyl Lewis x (sLex) is an established selectin ligand occurring on N- and O-linked glycans. Using a completely enzymic approach starting from p-nitrophenyl N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminide (GalNAc(α1-pNp as core substrate, the sLex-oligosaccharide Neu5Ac(α2-3)Gal(β1-4)[Fuc(α1-3)]GlcNAc(β1-6)[Gal(β1-3)]GalNAc(α1-pNp, representing the O-linked form, was synthesized in an overall yield of 32%. In a first step, Gal(β1-3)GalNAc(α1-pNp was prepared in a yield of 52% using UDP-Gal and an enriched preparation of β3-galactosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.122) from rat liver. UDP-GlcNAc and a recombinant affinity-purified preparation of core 2 β6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.102) fused to Protein A were used to branch the core 1 structure, affording GlcNAc(β1-6)[Gal(β1-3)]GalNAc(α1-pNp in a yield of >85%. The core 2 structure was galactosylated using UDP-Gal and purified human milk β4-galactosyltransferase 1 (EC 2.4.1.38) (yield of >85%), then sialylated using CMP-Neu5Ac and purified recombinant α3-sialyltransferase 3 (EC 2.4.99.X) (yield of 87%), and finally fucosylated using GDP-Fuc and recombinant human α3-fucosyltransferase 6 (EC 2.4.1.152) produced in Pichia pastoris (yield of 100%). Overall 1.5 µmol of product was prepared. MALDI TOF mass spectra, and 1D and 2D TOCSY and ROESY 1H NMR analysis confirmed the obtained structure

Abstract

Sialyl Lewis x (sLex) is an established selectin ligand occurring on N- and O-linked glycans. Using a completely enzymic approach starting from p-nitrophenyl N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminide (GalNAc(α1-pNp as core substrate, the sLex-oligosaccharide Neu5Ac(α2-3)Gal(β1-4)[Fuc(α1-3)]GlcNAc(β1-6)[Gal(β1-3)]GalNAc(α1-pNp, representing the O-linked form, was synthesized in an overall yield of 32%. In a first step, Gal(β1-3)GalNAc(α1-pNp was prepared in a yield of 52% using UDP-Gal and an enriched preparation of β3-galactosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.122) from rat liver. UDP-GlcNAc and a recombinant affinity-purified preparation of core 2 β6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.102) fused to Protein A were used to branch the core 1 structure, affording GlcNAc(β1-6)[Gal(β1-3)]GalNAc(α1-pNp in a yield of >85%. The core 2 structure was galactosylated using UDP-Gal and purified human milk β4-galactosyltransferase 1 (EC 2.4.1.38) (yield of >85%), then sialylated using CMP-Neu5Ac and purified recombinant α3-sialyltransferase 3 (EC 2.4.99.X) (yield of 87%), and finally fucosylated using GDP-Fuc and recombinant human α3-fucosyltransferase 6 (EC 2.4.1.152) produced in Pichia pastoris (yield of 100%). Overall 1.5 µmol of product was prepared. MALDI TOF mass spectra, and 1D and 2D TOCSY and ROESY 1H NMR analysis confirmed the obtained structure

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 1999
Deposited On:26 Sep 2018 12:42
Last Modified:24 Nov 2018 03:08
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0282-0080
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1007065803554
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101023A1007065803554 (Library Catalogue)

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