Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Trocar and Veress needle injuries during laparoscopy


Schäfer, M; Lauper, M; Krähenbähl, L (2001). Trocar and Veress needle injuries during laparoscopy. Surgical Endoscopy, 15(3):275-280.

Abstract

Background: Inadvertent lesions of the intraabdominal organs and vessels caused by trocars and Veress needles are rare but serious complications of laparoscopic surgery. Establishing the pneumoperitoneum is believed to be the most dangerous step. Methods: The Swiss Association for Laparoscopic and Thoracoscopic Surgery (SALTS) prospectively collected the data on 14,243 patients undergoing various standard laparoscopic procedures between 1995 and 1997. This database was investigated with special regard to intraabdominal complications caused by trocars and Veress needles. Results: There were 22 trocar and four needle injuries (incidence, 0.18%). Nineteen lesions involved visceral organs; the remaining seven were vessel injuries. The small bowel was the single most affected organ (six cases), followed by the large bowel and the liver (three cases each). All vascular lesions, except for one laceration of the right iliac artery, occurred as venous bleeding of either the greater omentum or the mesentery. Fourteen trocars were inserted under direct vision. Nineteen trocar injuries were recognized intra-operatively; diagnoses of two small bowel and one bladder injuries were made postoperatively. Needle injuries were all diagnosed intraoperatively. Only five injuries could be repaired laparoscopically; the remaining lesions were repaired openly. Four patients underwent an open reoperation, and another patient needed five reoperations. There was one death (4.0%). Conclusions: Trocar and needle injuries are rare complications of laparoscopy. However, if not recognized intraoperatively and repaired immediately, they induce increased morbidity and mortality. Both open and closed establishment of the pneumoperitoneum are related to a potential danger of perforating lesions, but inserting the first trocar under direct vision allows early recognition and immediate repair

Abstract

Background: Inadvertent lesions of the intraabdominal organs and vessels caused by trocars and Veress needles are rare but serious complications of laparoscopic surgery. Establishing the pneumoperitoneum is believed to be the most dangerous step. Methods: The Swiss Association for Laparoscopic and Thoracoscopic Surgery (SALTS) prospectively collected the data on 14,243 patients undergoing various standard laparoscopic procedures between 1995 and 1997. This database was investigated with special regard to intraabdominal complications caused by trocars and Veress needles. Results: There were 22 trocar and four needle injuries (incidence, 0.18%). Nineteen lesions involved visceral organs; the remaining seven were vessel injuries. The small bowel was the single most affected organ (six cases), followed by the large bowel and the liver (three cases each). All vascular lesions, except for one laceration of the right iliac artery, occurred as venous bleeding of either the greater omentum or the mesentery. Fourteen trocars were inserted under direct vision. Nineteen trocar injuries were recognized intra-operatively; diagnoses of two small bowel and one bladder injuries were made postoperatively. Needle injuries were all diagnosed intraoperatively. Only five injuries could be repaired laparoscopically; the remaining lesions were repaired openly. Four patients underwent an open reoperation, and another patient needed five reoperations. There was one death (4.0%). Conclusions: Trocar and needle injuries are rare complications of laparoscopy. However, if not recognized intraoperatively and repaired immediately, they induce increased morbidity and mortality. Both open and closed establishment of the pneumoperitoneum are related to a potential danger of perforating lesions, but inserting the first trocar under direct vision allows early recognition and immediate repair

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
130 citations in Web of Science®
184 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

26 downloads since deposited on 26 Sep 2018
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Language:English
Date:1 May 2001
Deposited On:26 Sep 2018 12:39
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:53
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0930-2794
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s004640000337

Download

Green Open Access

Download PDF  'Trocar and Veress needle injuries during laparoscopy'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF (Nationallizenz 142-005)
Size: 1MB
View at publisher