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Oral cancer in men and women: are there differences?


Kruse, Astrid L; Bredell, Marius; Grätz, Klaus W (2011). Oral cancer in men and women: are there differences? Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 15(1):51-55.

Abstract

Introduction: Because female user habits for tobacco and alcohol are changing and the female incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has increased, the aim of the study was to evaluate the possible differences between male and female patients suffering from oral SCC. Patients and methods: The files of 159 male and 119 female patients with oral SCC, who were treated between 1999 and 2008 with a minimum follow-up time of 12months, were evaluated retrospectively. Special attention was paid to tobacco and alcohol use, TN status, recurrence, and metastases rate, as well as to patients without the mentioned risk factors. Results: A higher female median age (65.36 vs. 61.04years) and female predominance was found in the group of patients older than 70years, with a gender distribution of 53:46. Out of 23 female patients with oral maxillary SCC, 15 (65%) were without the risk factors of tobacco and alcohol, and from the 16 male patients suffering from oral maxillary carcinoma, only three (19%) were without the mentioned risk factors. Conclusion: In summary, compared to earlier studies, there was a higher proportion of females in (1) the group without the risk factors of tobacco and alcohol, (2) those with SCC of the hard plate and maxillary alveolus, and (3) in patients older than 70years. There are fewer differences between metastases and recurrence rates. Further studies should be performed in female patients without risk factors and in maxillary cancer with emphasis on the human papilloma virus and infiltration rates

Abstract

Introduction: Because female user habits for tobacco and alcohol are changing and the female incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has increased, the aim of the study was to evaluate the possible differences between male and female patients suffering from oral SCC. Patients and methods: The files of 159 male and 119 female patients with oral SCC, who were treated between 1999 and 2008 with a minimum follow-up time of 12months, were evaluated retrospectively. Special attention was paid to tobacco and alcohol use, TN status, recurrence, and metastases rate, as well as to patients without the mentioned risk factors. Results: A higher female median age (65.36 vs. 61.04years) and female predominance was found in the group of patients older than 70years, with a gender distribution of 53:46. Out of 23 female patients with oral maxillary SCC, 15 (65%) were without the risk factors of tobacco and alcohol, and from the 16 male patients suffering from oral maxillary carcinoma, only three (19%) were without the mentioned risk factors. Conclusion: In summary, compared to earlier studies, there was a higher proportion of females in (1) the group without the risk factors of tobacco and alcohol, (2) those with SCC of the hard plate and maxillary alveolus, and (3) in patients older than 70years. There are fewer differences between metastases and recurrence rates. Further studies should be performed in female patients without risk factors and in maxillary cancer with emphasis on the human papilloma virus and infiltration rates

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Oral Surgery
Health Sciences > Otorhinolaryngology
Language:English
Date:1 March 2011
Deposited On:13 Dec 2018 16:07
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:42
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1865-1550
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10006-010-0253-6
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s1000601002536 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:21052752

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