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Risk factors for the development of emotional and behavioural problems in children born to drug-dependent mothers


Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph; Mas, Serena Dal; Ledermann, Christoph; Metzke, Christa Winkler (2006). Risk factors for the development of emotional and behavioural problems in children born to drug-dependent mothers. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 15(8):460-466.

Abstract

Background: The study of biological and psychosocial risk factors for the development of emotional and behavioural problems in children of drug-dependent mothers. Methods: In a sample of 52 children and drug-dependent mothers participating in a residential intervention programme emotional and behavioural problems were studied in the children by use of the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL). The Symptom-Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R) served to assess mental problems in the mother. Drug exposure during pregnancy, various psychosocial risk factors due to the drug-career, and educational status of the mother were assessed by maternal interview. A brief assessment of intelligence of the mother was included. Results: Among the various biological and psychosocial risk factors, maternal mental health problems, maternal educational status, and a small number of close social relationships correlated significantly with child outcome variables. Multiple regression analyses identified maternal mental health factors as the main predictors of child behaviour. Conclusions: Assisting drug-dependent mothers in overcoming the psychosocial sequelae of drug abuse implies also assistance to the children in terms of prevention of emotional and behavioural problems

Abstract

Background: The study of biological and psychosocial risk factors for the development of emotional and behavioural problems in children of drug-dependent mothers. Methods: In a sample of 52 children and drug-dependent mothers participating in a residential intervention programme emotional and behavioural problems were studied in the children by use of the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL). The Symptom-Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R) served to assess mental problems in the mother. Drug exposure during pregnancy, various psychosocial risk factors due to the drug-career, and educational status of the mother were assessed by maternal interview. A brief assessment of intelligence of the mother was included. Results: Among the various biological and psychosocial risk factors, maternal mental health problems, maternal educational status, and a small number of close social relationships correlated significantly with child outcome variables. Multiple regression analyses identified maternal mental health factors as the main predictors of child behaviour. Conclusions: Assisting drug-dependent mothers in overcoming the psychosocial sequelae of drug abuse implies also assistance to the children in terms of prevention of emotional and behavioural problems

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 December 2006
Deposited On:13 Dec 2018 17:16
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:46
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1018-8827
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-006-0568-x
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s007870060568x (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:16964454

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