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Vacuum-Assisted Closure (V.A.C.®) for Temporary Coverage of Soft-Tissue Injury in Type III Open Fracture of Lower Extremities


Labler, Ludwig; Keel, Marius; Trentz, Otmar (2004). Vacuum-Assisted Closure (V.A.C.®) for Temporary Coverage of Soft-Tissue Injury in Type III Open Fracture of Lower Extremities. European Journal of Trauma, 30(5):305-312.

Abstract

Background and Purpose: : The difficulty in the treatment of severe open fractures is a high infection rate and the problem of an adequate temporary coverage of the soft-tissue damage between successive second-look operations. The vacuum-assisted closure (V.A.C.®) offers good temporary soft-tissue coverage with a proven bacterial clearance and protects, at the same time, the soft tissue against secondary damage. The retrospective study reports the soft-tissue management of severe open fractures of Gustilo type IIIA and IIIB with V.A.C.® or Epigard®. Patients and Methods: : All open fractures were in the lower extremity and a result of a nonpenetrating trauma. V.A.C.® was used as a temporary dressing in 14 fractures and an Epigard® in twelve fractures. Results: : One early amputation was observed in each group. In the group with the soft-tissue coverage by Epigard®, in spite of less type IIIB fractures and less polytraumatized patients, the rate of infections (6/11) was substantially higher compared with patients managed by V.A.C.® therapy (infection: 2/13). Conclusion: : V.A.C.®, a temporary soft-tissue substitute, reduces the rate of infection and is an alternative of choice for the management of type III open fractures

Abstract

Background and Purpose: : The difficulty in the treatment of severe open fractures is a high infection rate and the problem of an adequate temporary coverage of the soft-tissue damage between successive second-look operations. The vacuum-assisted closure (V.A.C.®) offers good temporary soft-tissue coverage with a proven bacterial clearance and protects, at the same time, the soft tissue against secondary damage. The retrospective study reports the soft-tissue management of severe open fractures of Gustilo type IIIA and IIIB with V.A.C.® or Epigard®. Patients and Methods: : All open fractures were in the lower extremity and a result of a nonpenetrating trauma. V.A.C.® was used as a temporary dressing in 14 fractures and an Epigard® in twelve fractures. Results: : One early amputation was observed in each group. In the group with the soft-tissue coverage by Epigard®, in spite of less type IIIB fractures and less polytraumatized patients, the rate of infections (6/11) was substantially higher compared with patients managed by V.A.C.® therapy (infection: 2/13). Conclusion: : V.A.C.®, a temporary soft-tissue substitute, reduces the rate of infection and is an alternative of choice for the management of type III open fractures

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Language:English
Date:1 October 2004
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 10:56
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:53
Publisher:Urban & Vogel
ISSN:1615-3146
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-004-1389-6

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