Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Gunnera herteri ? developmental morphology of a dwarf from Uruguay and S Brazil (Gunneraceae)


Rutishauser, R; Wanntorp, L; Pfeifer, E (2004). Gunnera herteri ? developmental morphology of a dwarf from Uruguay and S Brazil (Gunneraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 248(1-4):219-241.

Abstract

New morphological and developmental observations are presented of Gunnera herteri (subgenus Ostenigunnera) which is, according to molecular studies, sister to the other species of Gunnera. It is an annual dwarf (up to 4 cm long) whereas the other Gunnera spp. are perennial and slightly to extremely larger. External stem glands are combined with channels into the stem cortex serving as entrance path for symbiotic Nostoc cells. Young stem zones show globular regions of cytoplasm-rich cortex cells, prepared for invasion by Nostoc. The leaf axils contain 2-5 inconspicuous colleters (glandular scales) which can be taken as homologous to the more prominent scales of G. manicata (subg. Panke) and G. macrophylla (subg. Pseudogunnera). Foliage leaves of G. herteri have tooth-like sheath lobes which may be homologous to stipules. Adult plants have extra-axillary inflorescences arising from leaf nodes. The main stem is interpreted as a chain of sympodial units, each one consisting of a leaf and an extra-axillary inflorescence. This "sympodium hypothesis” may be also valid for other species of Gunnera. Each globular inflorescence of G. herteri contains several female flowers and 2-7 stamens at the top, perhaps equalling a single male flower. There are neither bracts nor bracteoles. The ovary is inferior, bicarpellary and unilocular. Its single hanging ovule develops into a dry and endosperm-rich seed

Abstract

New morphological and developmental observations are presented of Gunnera herteri (subgenus Ostenigunnera) which is, according to molecular studies, sister to the other species of Gunnera. It is an annual dwarf (up to 4 cm long) whereas the other Gunnera spp. are perennial and slightly to extremely larger. External stem glands are combined with channels into the stem cortex serving as entrance path for symbiotic Nostoc cells. Young stem zones show globular regions of cytoplasm-rich cortex cells, prepared for invasion by Nostoc. The leaf axils contain 2-5 inconspicuous colleters (glandular scales) which can be taken as homologous to the more prominent scales of G. manicata (subg. Panke) and G. macrophylla (subg. Pseudogunnera). Foliage leaves of G. herteri have tooth-like sheath lobes which may be homologous to stipules. Adult plants have extra-axillary inflorescences arising from leaf nodes. The main stem is interpreted as a chain of sympodial units, each one consisting of a leaf and an extra-axillary inflorescence. This "sympodium hypothesis” may be also valid for other species of Gunnera. Each globular inflorescence of G. herteri contains several female flowers and 2-7 stamens at the top, perhaps equalling a single male flower. There are neither bracts nor bracteoles. The ovary is inferior, bicarpellary and unilocular. Its single hanging ovule develops into a dry and endosperm-rich seed

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
19 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

42 downloads since deposited on 19 Oct 2018
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Life Sciences > Plant Science
Language:English
Date:1 September 2004
Deposited On:19 Oct 2018 11:45
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:53
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0378-2697
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-004-0182-7

Download

Green Open Access

Download PDF  'Gunnera herteri ? developmental morphology of a dwarf from Uruguay and S Brazil (Gunneraceae)'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF (Nationallizenz 142-005)
Size: 1MB
View at publisher