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CT changes after trochleoplasty for symptomatic trochlear dysplasia


Fucentese, S F; Schöttle, P B; Pfirrmann, C W A; Romero, J (2007). CT changes after trochleoplasty for symptomatic trochlear dysplasia. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 15(2):168-174.

Abstract

Trochlear dysplasia is an important risk factor for patellar instability. Because of a decreased trochlear depth in combination with a low lateral femoral condyle, the patella cannot engage properly in the trochlea. Trochleoplasty is a surgical procedure, which strives to correct such bony abnormalities. The aim of this study was to describe morphological features of trochlear dysplasia and the corrective changes after trochleoplasty on CT scan. The study group consists of 17 knees with trochlear dysplasia having undergone trochleoplasty for recurrent patellofemoral dislocation at a mean age of 22.4years. The evaluation consisted in pre- and postoperative measurements on the proximal and distal trochlea on transverse CT scans in order to determine the morphological features. We measured the transverse position and depth of the trochlear groove, the transverse position of the patella, the ratio between the posterior patellar edge and the trochlear groove, the lateral patellar inclination angle, the sulcus angle, and the lateral trochlear slope. The trochlear groove lateralised a mean of 6.1mm in the proximal aspect and 2.5mm in the distal aspect of the trochlea, while the patella medialised a mean of 5mm. Preoperatively the patella was lateral in relation to the trochlear groove in 13 cases, neutral in two cases, and medial in two cases. Postoperatively it was lateral in four cases, in neutral position in seven cases, and medialised in six cases, referenced to the trochlear groove. The trochlear depth increased from 0 to 5.9mm postoperatively in the proximal aspect of the trochlea, and from 5.5 to 8.3mm postoperatively in the distal trochlea. The lateral patellar inclination angle decreased from a mean of 21.9° to a mean of 7.8°. The sulcus angle decreased from a mean of 172.1° to a mean of 133° in the proximal trochlea and from a mean of 141.9° to a mean of 121.7° in the distal trochlea. The lateral trochlear slope changed from 2.8° to 22.7° in the proximal and from 14.9° to 26.9° in the distal part of the trochlea. In the CT scan patients with trochlear dysplasia demonstrated a poor depth, or even a flat or convex trochlea with a greater sulcus and lateral trochlear slope angle, a lateralised patella to the trochlear groove with poor congruency, and a greater lateral patellar inclination angle. Trochleoplasty can correct the pathological features of trochlear dysplasia by surgically creating more normal anatomy. The goal of this surgical procedure is to steepen and lateralise the trochlear groove for a better engagement of the patella

Abstract

Trochlear dysplasia is an important risk factor for patellar instability. Because of a decreased trochlear depth in combination with a low lateral femoral condyle, the patella cannot engage properly in the trochlea. Trochleoplasty is a surgical procedure, which strives to correct such bony abnormalities. The aim of this study was to describe morphological features of trochlear dysplasia and the corrective changes after trochleoplasty on CT scan. The study group consists of 17 knees with trochlear dysplasia having undergone trochleoplasty for recurrent patellofemoral dislocation at a mean age of 22.4years. The evaluation consisted in pre- and postoperative measurements on the proximal and distal trochlea on transverse CT scans in order to determine the morphological features. We measured the transverse position and depth of the trochlear groove, the transverse position of the patella, the ratio between the posterior patellar edge and the trochlear groove, the lateral patellar inclination angle, the sulcus angle, and the lateral trochlear slope. The trochlear groove lateralised a mean of 6.1mm in the proximal aspect and 2.5mm in the distal aspect of the trochlea, while the patella medialised a mean of 5mm. Preoperatively the patella was lateral in relation to the trochlear groove in 13 cases, neutral in two cases, and medial in two cases. Postoperatively it was lateral in four cases, in neutral position in seven cases, and medialised in six cases, referenced to the trochlear groove. The trochlear depth increased from 0 to 5.9mm postoperatively in the proximal aspect of the trochlea, and from 5.5 to 8.3mm postoperatively in the distal trochlea. The lateral patellar inclination angle decreased from a mean of 21.9° to a mean of 7.8°. The sulcus angle decreased from a mean of 172.1° to a mean of 133° in the proximal trochlea and from a mean of 141.9° to a mean of 121.7° in the distal trochlea. The lateral trochlear slope changed from 2.8° to 22.7° in the proximal and from 14.9° to 26.9° in the distal part of the trochlea. In the CT scan patients with trochlear dysplasia demonstrated a poor depth, or even a flat or convex trochlea with a greater sulcus and lateral trochlear slope angle, a lateralised patella to the trochlear groove with poor congruency, and a greater lateral patellar inclination angle. Trochleoplasty can correct the pathological features of trochlear dysplasia by surgically creating more normal anatomy. The goal of this surgical procedure is to steepen and lateralise the trochlear groove for a better engagement of the patella

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:5 February 2007
Deposited On:17 Dec 2018 16:53
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:53
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0942-2056
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-006-0140-8
PubMed ID:16786337

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