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Induction of the members of Notch pathway in superficial basal cell carcinomas treated with imiquimod


Wuest, Maja; Dummer, Reinhard; Urosevic, Mirjana (2007). Induction of the members of Notch pathway in superficial basal cell carcinomas treated with imiquimod. Archives of Dermatological Research, 299(10):493-498.

Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC) is the most common skin tumor in Caucasians worldwide. Different therapeutic options are available to treat BCC, including topical immunotherapy. Imiquimod is topical Toll-like receptor 7 agonist that activates anti-tumor immune response and has been recently approved for the treatment of superficial BCC (sBCC). We sought to investigate the influence of imiquimod treatment on the members of the Notch signaling pathway, whose activity is known to be decreased in BCCs. Six patients with sBCC were evaluated for Notch1, Jagged1 and Delta1 expression before (pre-treatment) and after the beginning of the topical treatment (post-treatment) with imiquimod using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. We show selective transcriptional up-regulation of Notch pathway members (Notch1, Jagged1 and Delta1) in tumor cells of the sBCC post-treatment. Furthermore, we demonstrate minor increase of Notch1 protein expression on infiltrating cells as well as strong increase in Jagged1 protein expression in regressing sBCC tumors post-treatment. In this way, imiquimod may act as a stimulator of the Notch pathway in sBCC tumor cells by up-regulating protein expression of the Notch ligand, Jagged1. Via induction of Notch signaling imiquimod may exert tumor suppressor function, which together with its proinflammatory properties results in tumor regression

Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC) is the most common skin tumor in Caucasians worldwide. Different therapeutic options are available to treat BCC, including topical immunotherapy. Imiquimod is topical Toll-like receptor 7 agonist that activates anti-tumor immune response and has been recently approved for the treatment of superficial BCC (sBCC). We sought to investigate the influence of imiquimod treatment on the members of the Notch signaling pathway, whose activity is known to be decreased in BCCs. Six patients with sBCC were evaluated for Notch1, Jagged1 and Delta1 expression before (pre-treatment) and after the beginning of the topical treatment (post-treatment) with imiquimod using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. We show selective transcriptional up-regulation of Notch pathway members (Notch1, Jagged1 and Delta1) in tumor cells of the sBCC post-treatment. Furthermore, we demonstrate minor increase of Notch1 protein expression on infiltrating cells as well as strong increase in Jagged1 protein expression in regressing sBCC tumors post-treatment. In this way, imiquimod may act as a stimulator of the Notch pathway in sBCC tumor cells by up-regulating protein expression of the Notch ligand, Jagged1. Via induction of Notch signaling imiquimod may exert tumor suppressor function, which together with its proinflammatory properties results in tumor regression

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 November 2007
Deposited On:19 Dec 2018 17:00
Last Modified:19 Dec 2018 17:00
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-3696
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00403-007-0785-2
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0040300707852 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:17922128

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