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A cell culture system for the induction of Mallory bodies: Mallory bodies and aggresomes represent different types of inclusion bodies


Hirano, Kiyoko; Guhl, Bruno; Roth, Jürgen; Ziak, Martin (2009). A cell culture system for the induction of Mallory bodies: Mallory bodies and aggresomes represent different types of inclusion bodies. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 132(3):293-304.

Abstract

Mallory bodies (MBs) represent keratin-rich inclusion bodies observed in human alcoholic liver disease and in several chronic non-alcoholic liver diseases. The mechanism of their formation and their relationship to other inclusion bodies such as aggresomes is incompletely understood. We could induce keratin aggregates typical of MBs in cultured clone 9 rat hepatocytes by transgenic expression of wild-type and mutant aquaporin2 or α1-antitrypsin and under various forms of other cellular stress. By immunocytochemical analysis, p62 and poly-ubiquitin, components of classical MBs, could be demonstrated in the keratin aggregates of clone 9 hepatocytes. In addition, histone deacetylase 6, a microtubule-associated deacetylase, was identified as a novel component of the keratin aggregates. Thus, together with their ultrastructural appearance as randomly oriented, organelle-free aggregates of keratin filaments, the keratin aggregates in clone 9 hepatocytes correspond to MBs. An imbalance in keratin 8 to18 with very low levels of keratin 18 appears to be the underlying cause for their formation. The formation of MBs was microtubule-dependent although not depending on the activity of histone deacetylase 6. Forskolin-induced MBs in clone 9 hepatocytes were reversible structures which disappeared upon drug withdrawal. The MBs were not related to aggresomes since overexpressed misfolded transgenic proteins were undetectable in the keratin aggregates and no vimentin fiber cage was detectable, both of which represent hallmarks of aggresomes. Thus, cultured clone 9 hepatocytes are a useful system to study further aspects of the pathobiology of MBs

Abstract

Mallory bodies (MBs) represent keratin-rich inclusion bodies observed in human alcoholic liver disease and in several chronic non-alcoholic liver diseases. The mechanism of their formation and their relationship to other inclusion bodies such as aggresomes is incompletely understood. We could induce keratin aggregates typical of MBs in cultured clone 9 rat hepatocytes by transgenic expression of wild-type and mutant aquaporin2 or α1-antitrypsin and under various forms of other cellular stress. By immunocytochemical analysis, p62 and poly-ubiquitin, components of classical MBs, could be demonstrated in the keratin aggregates of clone 9 hepatocytes. In addition, histone deacetylase 6, a microtubule-associated deacetylase, was identified as a novel component of the keratin aggregates. Thus, together with their ultrastructural appearance as randomly oriented, organelle-free aggregates of keratin filaments, the keratin aggregates in clone 9 hepatocytes correspond to MBs. An imbalance in keratin 8 to18 with very low levels of keratin 18 appears to be the underlying cause for their formation. The formation of MBs was microtubule-dependent although not depending on the activity of histone deacetylase 6. Forskolin-induced MBs in clone 9 hepatocytes were reversible structures which disappeared upon drug withdrawal. The MBs were not related to aggresomes since overexpressed misfolded transgenic proteins were undetectable in the keratin aggregates and no vimentin fiber cage was detectable, both of which represent hallmarks of aggresomes. Thus, cultured clone 9 hepatocytes are a useful system to study further aspects of the pathobiology of MBs

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 September 2009
Deposited On:20 Dec 2018 16:46
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:46
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0948-6143
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00418-009-0598-9
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0041800905989 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:19381673

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