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The family history of children with elective mutism: a research report


Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph; Adamek, R (1997). The family history of children with elective mutism: a research report. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 6(2):107-111.

Abstract

The family history was studied in children with elective mutism. The samples comprised a series of N = 38 children with elective mutism and a control group of N = 31 children with a similar behavioural phenotype, i.e., the combination of an emotional disorder and a developmental disorder of articulation or expressive language. Interviews were performed with the respective mothers. There was a clear excess of the personality trait of taciturnity in first-, second-, and third-degree relatives. Although mutism was reported almost exclusively in the group of relatives of children that manifested elective mutism, the differences between the two samples were not significant probably due to low frequencies. Disorders of speech and language were quite common in the relatives of subjects in both samples. Psychiatric disorders were more frequently reported in the families with an electively mute child. The study lends some evidence for the assumption that genetic factors may play a role in the etiology of elective mutism

Abstract

The family history was studied in children with elective mutism. The samples comprised a series of N = 38 children with elective mutism and a control group of N = 31 children with a similar behavioural phenotype, i.e., the combination of an emotional disorder and a developmental disorder of articulation or expressive language. Interviews were performed with the respective mothers. There was a clear excess of the personality trait of taciturnity in first-, second-, and third-degree relatives. Although mutism was reported almost exclusively in the group of relatives of children that manifested elective mutism, the differences between the two samples were not significant probably due to low frequencies. Disorders of speech and language were quite common in the relatives of subjects in both samples. Psychiatric disorders were more frequently reported in the families with an electively mute child. The study lends some evidence for the assumption that genetic factors may play a role in the etiology of elective mutism

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Social Sciences & Humanities > Developmental and Educational Psychology
Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 June 1997
Deposited On:21 Dec 2018 17:19
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:54
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1018-8827
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00566673

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