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Localization of chlorophyllase in the chloroplast envelope


Matile, Philippe; Schellenberg, Maya; Vicentini, Fabrizio (1997). Localization of chlorophyllase in the chloroplast envelope. Planta, 201(1):96-99.

Abstract

Chlorophyllase catalyzes the first step in the catabolic pathway of chlorophyll. It is a constitutive enzyme located in chloroplast membranes. In isolated plastids the hydrolysis of the endogenous chlorophyll does not take place unless the membranes are solubilized in the presence of detergent. The structural latency of chlorophyllase activity appears to be due to the differential locations of substrate and enzyme within the plastids. Envelope membranes prepared from both chloroplasts and gerontoplasts contain chlorophyllase activity. The isolation of envelopes is associated with a marked increase in chlorophyllase activity per unit of protein. Yields of chlorophyllase and of specific envelope markers in the final preparations are similar, suggesting that the enzyme may be located in the envelope. It is hypothesized that the breakdown of chlorophyll during leaf senescence requires a mechanism that mediates the transfer of chlorophyll from the thylakoidal pigment-protein complexes to the sites of catabolic reactions in the envelope

Abstract

Chlorophyllase catalyzes the first step in the catabolic pathway of chlorophyll. It is a constitutive enzyme located in chloroplast membranes. In isolated plastids the hydrolysis of the endogenous chlorophyll does not take place unless the membranes are solubilized in the presence of detergent. The structural latency of chlorophyllase activity appears to be due to the differential locations of substrate and enzyme within the plastids. Envelope membranes prepared from both chloroplasts and gerontoplasts contain chlorophyllase activity. The isolation of envelopes is associated with a marked increase in chlorophyllase activity per unit of protein. Yields of chlorophyllase and of specific envelope markers in the final preparations are similar, suggesting that the enzyme may be located in the envelope. It is hypothesized that the breakdown of chlorophyll during leaf senescence requires a mechanism that mediates the transfer of chlorophyll from the thylakoidal pigment-protein complexes to the sites of catabolic reactions in the envelope

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Life Sciences > Plant Science
Language:English
Date:1 March 1997
Deposited On:21 Dec 2018 17:22
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:48
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0032-0935
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01258685
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007BF01258685 (Library Catalogue)

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