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Evaluation of [18F]-choline PET/CT for staging and restaging of prostate cancer


Husarik, Daniela B; Miralbell, Raymond; Dubs, Markus; John, Hubert; Giger, Olivier T; Gelet, Albert; Cservenyàk, Tibor; Hany, Thomas F (2008). Evaluation of [18F]-choline PET/CT for staging and restaging of prostate cancer. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 35(2):253-263.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of [18F]-choline (FCH) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for staging and restaging of prostate cancer. Methods: FCH PET/CT was performed in 111 patients with prostate cancer using 200MBq FCH: 43 patients [mean age 63years; mean prostrate specific antigen (PSA) 11.58μg/l] were examined for initial staging, and 68 patients (mean age 66.4years) were examined for restaging (mean PSA 10.81μg/l). FCH PET/CT results were correlated to histopathology, bone scan, morphology as revealed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT, PET/CT follow-up and PSA follow-up after therapy. Results: FCH PET/CT scans at initial staging correctly showed no metastases in 36/38 patients undergoing radical surgery, as confirmed by PSA levels <0.1μg/l 6months postoperatively. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 24 of these patients, revealing four false FCH-negative lymph nodes (LN). In one patient, only lymphadenectomy was performed since a FCH-positive LN was confirmed by histology. Four patients showed FCH-positive bone metastases, as proven by bone scan. FCH PET/CT scans at restaging correctly revealed local recurrence in 36 patients. No pathological FCH uptake was observed in 11 patients with biochemical recurrence. Twenty-three patients showed FCH-positive LN. Twenty LN were surgically removed in seven patients. Histopathology verified metastases in all LN, but revealed two additional metastastic, FCH-negative LN. Seventeen patients showed FCH-positive bone metastases, as proven by bone scan or MRI. Sensitivity to detect recurrent disease was 86%. Conclusion: The results obtained using FCH PET/CT scans for initial N-staging were discouraging, especially in terms of its inability to detect small metastases. Recurrent disease can be localized reliably in patients with PSA levels of >2μg/l

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of [18F]-choline (FCH) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for staging and restaging of prostate cancer. Methods: FCH PET/CT was performed in 111 patients with prostate cancer using 200MBq FCH: 43 patients [mean age 63years; mean prostrate specific antigen (PSA) 11.58μg/l] were examined for initial staging, and 68 patients (mean age 66.4years) were examined for restaging (mean PSA 10.81μg/l). FCH PET/CT results were correlated to histopathology, bone scan, morphology as revealed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT, PET/CT follow-up and PSA follow-up after therapy. Results: FCH PET/CT scans at initial staging correctly showed no metastases in 36/38 patients undergoing radical surgery, as confirmed by PSA levels <0.1μg/l 6months postoperatively. Lymphadenectomy was performed in 24 of these patients, revealing four false FCH-negative lymph nodes (LN). In one patient, only lymphadenectomy was performed since a FCH-positive LN was confirmed by histology. Four patients showed FCH-positive bone metastases, as proven by bone scan. FCH PET/CT scans at restaging correctly revealed local recurrence in 36 patients. No pathological FCH uptake was observed in 11 patients with biochemical recurrence. Twenty-three patients showed FCH-positive LN. Twenty LN were surgically removed in seven patients. Histopathology verified metastases in all LN, but revealed two additional metastastic, FCH-negative LN. Seventeen patients showed FCH-positive bone metastases, as proven by bone scan or MRI. Sensitivity to detect recurrent disease was 86%. Conclusion: The results obtained using FCH PET/CT scans for initial N-staging were discouraging, especially in terms of its inability to detect small metastases. Recurrent disease can be localized reliably in patients with PSA levels of >2μg/l

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Language:English
Date:1 February 2008
Deposited On:03 Jul 2019 13:01
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 02:49
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1619-7070
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-007-0552-9
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0025900705529 (Library Catalogue)
PubMed ID:17926036

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