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FDG PET and PET/CT for the detection of the primary tumour in patients with cervical non-squamous cell carcinoma metastasis of an unknown primary


Paul, Stefan A M; Stoeckli, Sandro J; von Schulthess, Gustav K; Goerres, Gerhard W (2007). FDG PET and PET/CT for the detection of the primary tumour in patients with cervical non-squamous cell carcinoma metastasis of an unknown primary. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 264(2):189-195.

Abstract

In patients with a neck metastasis from an unknown primary with non-squamous cell cancer (non-SCC) histology, the primary is often located outside the head and neck area. We retrospectively evaluated 326 patient records and found 14 patients with non-SCC neck lymph node metastasis from an unknown primary undergoing whole body F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) with or without coregistered computed tomography (PET/CT). The PET or PET/CT findings were verified by pathological work-up, additional imaging tests, and clinical follow-up. PET detected pathological FDG uptake suspicious for the primary in eight patients. PET or PET/CT findings were true positive in seven patients, true negative in 4, false positive in 1, and false negative in two patients. In one patient PET/CT revealed a synchronous ovarian carcinoma. The results suggest that whole body imaging with FDG PET and PET/CT can be useful to identify unknown primaries of non-SCC origin. However, the work-up of patients undergoing PET or PET/CT in our study was very heterogeneous and the primary was more likely found in patients without extensive imaging before PET scanning. Further studies should evaluate if the histology of a neck nodal metastasis should influence the choice of the imaging method and the role of PET and PET/CT imaging for the work up of patients with a non-SCC neck lymph node metastasis of an unknown primary

Abstract

In patients with a neck metastasis from an unknown primary with non-squamous cell cancer (non-SCC) histology, the primary is often located outside the head and neck area. We retrospectively evaluated 326 patient records and found 14 patients with non-SCC neck lymph node metastasis from an unknown primary undergoing whole body F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) with or without coregistered computed tomography (PET/CT). The PET or PET/CT findings were verified by pathological work-up, additional imaging tests, and clinical follow-up. PET detected pathological FDG uptake suspicious for the primary in eight patients. PET or PET/CT findings were true positive in seven patients, true negative in 4, false positive in 1, and false negative in two patients. In one patient PET/CT revealed a synchronous ovarian carcinoma. The results suggest that whole body imaging with FDG PET and PET/CT can be useful to identify unknown primaries of non-SCC origin. However, the work-up of patients undergoing PET or PET/CT in our study was very heterogeneous and the primary was more likely found in patients without extensive imaging before PET scanning. Further studies should evaluate if the histology of a neck nodal metastasis should influence the choice of the imaging method and the role of PET and PET/CT imaging for the work up of patients with a non-SCC neck lymph node metastasis of an unknown primary

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 February 2007
Deposited On:04 Jul 2019 10:59
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:47
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0937-4477
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-006-0177-9
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s0040500601779 (Library Catalogue)

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