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Prophylactic Insertion of Optional Vena Cava Filters in High-Risk Trauma Patients


Meier, Christoph; Pfiffner, Roger; Labler, Ludwig; Platz, Andreas; Pfammatter, Thomas; Trentz, Otmar (2006). Prophylactic Insertion of Optional Vena Cava Filters in High-Risk Trauma Patients. European Journal of Trauma, 32(1):37-43.

Abstract

Background:: Vena cava interruption is a form of pulmonary embolism prophylaxis that is being used in high-risk patients who do not tolerate pharmacologic prophylaxis. Retrievable prophylactic vena cava filters (VCFs) are of particular interest for severely injured patients where the necessity for VCF is often only temporary. Methods:: In a single-institution case series of consecutive patients who received prophylactic VCFs after polytrauma, between 04/1998 and 07/2004, the demographic data, injury pattern and complications were analysed. Results:: Ninety-five prophylactic VCFs were placed in polytrauma patients (median ISS of 38). Median age was 38 years (range 16-80 years). Median delay between trauma and filter placement was 1 day (range 0-31 days). No complication was seen related to filter insertion or retrieval. Sixty-five VCFs (68.4%) were retrieved after 4-25 days (median 13 days). One filter migration (1.1%) was observed. Retrieval failed in two patients (3.0%). A total of 30 VCFs (31.6%) were left permanently. One non-fatal PE (1.1%) occurred 21 days after filter retrieval despite prophylaxis with LMWH. DVT developed in two patients (2.1%) including one vena caval occlusion (1.1%). Overall mortality was 7.4%. Conclusions:: Early prophylactic placement of VCF in a high-risk trauma patient should be considered when anticoagulation is contraindicated. Filter insertion and retrieval is safe with a low complication rate

Abstract

Background:: Vena cava interruption is a form of pulmonary embolism prophylaxis that is being used in high-risk patients who do not tolerate pharmacologic prophylaxis. Retrievable prophylactic vena cava filters (VCFs) are of particular interest for severely injured patients where the necessity for VCF is often only temporary. Methods:: In a single-institution case series of consecutive patients who received prophylactic VCFs after polytrauma, between 04/1998 and 07/2004, the demographic data, injury pattern and complications were analysed. Results:: Ninety-five prophylactic VCFs were placed in polytrauma patients (median ISS of 38). Median age was 38 years (range 16-80 years). Median delay between trauma and filter placement was 1 day (range 0-31 days). No complication was seen related to filter insertion or retrieval. Sixty-five VCFs (68.4%) were retrieved after 4-25 days (median 13 days). One filter migration (1.1%) was observed. Retrieval failed in two patients (3.0%). A total of 30 VCFs (31.6%) were left permanently. One non-fatal PE (1.1%) occurred 21 days after filter retrieval despite prophylaxis with LMWH. DVT developed in two patients (2.1%) including one vena caval occlusion (1.1%). Overall mortality was 7.4%. Conclusions:: Early prophylactic placement of VCF in a high-risk trauma patient should be considered when anticoagulation is contraindicated. Filter insertion and retrieval is safe with a low complication rate

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Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Language:English
Date:1 February 2006
Deposited On:04 Jul 2019 13:03
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 14:54
Publisher:Urban & Vogel
ISSN:1615-3146
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-006-0086-z
PubMed ID:21359016

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