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The factorial structure and external validity of the prospective and retrospective memory questionnaire in older adults


Zimprich, Daniel; Kliegel, Matthias; Rast, Philippe (2011). The factorial structure and external validity of the prospective and retrospective memory questionnaire in older adults. European Journal of Ageing, 8(1):39-48.

Abstract

The factorial structure of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) was investigated in a sample of 336 older adults (aged 66-81years). Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a bifactor model of two correlated factors of prospective and retrospective memory problems and two uncorrelated group factors of positively and negatively worded items had the best fit. Such a model can be seen as a multitrait-multi-method model that separates the substantive and methodological components among the items of the PRMQ. Correlations of the four factors with external criteria (affect, neuroticism, prospective, and retrospective memory performance) revealed that the item wording factors mainly correlate with the affect variables, whereas the prospective and retrospective memory problem factors were differentially associated with memory performance. As a conceptual conclusion, these differential correlations give support to the discriminant validity of subjective prospective versus retrospective memory problems

Abstract

The factorial structure of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) was investigated in a sample of 336 older adults (aged 66-81years). Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a bifactor model of two correlated factors of prospective and retrospective memory problems and two uncorrelated group factors of positively and negatively worded items had the best fit. Such a model can be seen as a multitrait-multi-method model that separates the substantive and methodological components among the items of the PRMQ. Correlations of the four factors with external criteria (affect, neuroticism, prospective, and retrospective memory performance) revealed that the item wording factors mainly correlate with the affect variables, whereas the prospective and retrospective memory problem factors were differentially associated with memory performance. As a conceptual conclusion, these differential correlations give support to the discriminant validity of subjective prospective versus retrospective memory problems

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Language:English
Date:1 March 2011
Deposited On:04 Jul 2019 15:05
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:47
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1613-9372
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-011-0174-8
Related URLs:https://www.swissbib.ch/Search/Results?lookfor=nationallicencespringer101007s1043301101748 (Library Catalogue)

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