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Nonhuman primates across sub-Saharan Africa are infected with the yaws bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue


Knauf, Sascha; Gogarten, Jan F; Schuenemann, Verena J; De Nys, Hélène M; et al (2018). Nonhuman primates across sub-Saharan Africa are infected with the yaws bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue. Emerging Microbes and Infections, 7(1):157.

Abstract

The bacterium Treponema pallidum (TP) causes human syphilis (subsp. pallidum; TPA), bejel (subsp. endemicum; TEN), and yaws (subsp. pertenue; TPE)1. Although syphilis has reached a worldwide distribution2, bejel and yaws have remained endemic diseases. Bejel affects individuals in dry areas of Sahelian Africa and Saudi Arabia, whereas yaws affects those living in the humid tropics1. Yaws is currently reported as endemic in 14 countries, and an additional 84 countries have a known history of yaws but lack recent epidemiological data3,4. Although this disease was subject to global eradication efforts in the mid-20th century, it later reemerged in West Africa, Southern Asia, and the Pacific region5. New large-scale treatment options triggered the ongoing second eradication campaign, the goal of which is to eradicate yaws globally by 20205.

Abstract

The bacterium Treponema pallidum (TP) causes human syphilis (subsp. pallidum; TPA), bejel (subsp. endemicum; TEN), and yaws (subsp. pertenue; TPE)1. Although syphilis has reached a worldwide distribution2, bejel and yaws have remained endemic diseases. Bejel affects individuals in dry areas of Sahelian Africa and Saudi Arabia, whereas yaws affects those living in the humid tropics1. Yaws is currently reported as endemic in 14 countries, and an additional 84 countries have a known history of yaws but lack recent epidemiological data3,4. Although this disease was subject to global eradication efforts in the mid-20th century, it later reemerged in West Africa, Southern Asia, and the Pacific region5. New large-scale treatment options triggered the ongoing second eradication campaign, the goal of which is to eradicate yaws globally by 20205.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Evolutionary Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Immunology, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Drug Discovery, Parasitology, Virology, Infectious Diseases, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 December 2018
Deposited On:26 Sep 2018 09:42
Last Modified:01 Oct 2018 00:00
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2222-1751
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0156-4
PubMed ID:30228266

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