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Increasing the tissue thickness at implant sites using guided bone regeneration and an additional collagen matrix: Histologic observations in beagle dogs


Seo, Gi-Young; Thoma, Daniel Stefan; Jung, Ui-Won; Lee, Jung-Seok (2018). Increasing the tissue thickness at implant sites using guided bone regeneration and an additional collagen matrix: Histologic observations in beagle dogs. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To histologically determine the alteration in horizontal mucosal thickness at sites that received guided bone regeneration (GBR) with additional use of collagen matrix and to assess whether bone formation is affected by adding collagen matrix at GBR sites at 8 weeks of healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight weeks after bilateral extraction of maxillary premolars, standardized defects were created on buccal side of edentulous ridges in four beagle dogs. One side was randomly allocated as control (biphasic calcium phosphate plus collagen membrane; GBR only), while contralateral side was allocated as test (biphasic calcium phosphate plus collagen membrane plus an additional layer of collagen matrix). Histologic observations, histomorphometric and micro-computed tomography analyses were performed after 8 weeks. RESULTS Membrane complex comprising residual collagen membrane and adjacent dense connective tissue was observed at both control and test sites. The thickness in the histologic analysis were 1.69 ± 0.23 mm (control) and 1.76 ± 0.07 mm (test) in histologic analysis and were 2.03 ± 0.26 mm (control) and 2.14 ± 0.24 mm (test) in radiographic analysis. The thickness of the membrane complex in soft-tissue layer were 723.0 ± 241.6 μm (control) and 984.6 ± 334.4 μm (test). The percentage of new bone formation were 22.30 ± 5.92% (control) and 25.50 ± 8.08% (test). All measured outcome did not show significant differences between control and test groups. CONCLUSION The addition of collagen matrix on top of standard GBR procedure did not increase the soft tissue thickness and dense connective tissue formation at 8 weeks of healing. Bone regeneration was not affected by the addition of collagen matrix. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 00B: 000-000, 2018.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To histologically determine the alteration in horizontal mucosal thickness at sites that received guided bone regeneration (GBR) with additional use of collagen matrix and to assess whether bone formation is affected by adding collagen matrix at GBR sites at 8 weeks of healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight weeks after bilateral extraction of maxillary premolars, standardized defects were created on buccal side of edentulous ridges in four beagle dogs. One side was randomly allocated as control (biphasic calcium phosphate plus collagen membrane; GBR only), while contralateral side was allocated as test (biphasic calcium phosphate plus collagen membrane plus an additional layer of collagen matrix). Histologic observations, histomorphometric and micro-computed tomography analyses were performed after 8 weeks. RESULTS Membrane complex comprising residual collagen membrane and adjacent dense connective tissue was observed at both control and test sites. The thickness in the histologic analysis were 1.69 ± 0.23 mm (control) and 1.76 ± 0.07 mm (test) in histologic analysis and were 2.03 ± 0.26 mm (control) and 2.14 ± 0.24 mm (test) in radiographic analysis. The thickness of the membrane complex in soft-tissue layer were 723.0 ± 241.6 μm (control) and 984.6 ± 334.4 μm (test). The percentage of new bone formation were 22.30 ± 5.92% (control) and 25.50 ± 8.08% (test). All measured outcome did not show significant differences between control and test groups. CONCLUSION The addition of collagen matrix on top of standard GBR procedure did not increase the soft tissue thickness and dense connective tissue formation at 8 weeks of healing. Bone regeneration was not affected by the addition of collagen matrix. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 00B: 000-000, 2018.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:04 Oct 2018 05:48
Last Modified:05 Oct 2018 07:32
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1552-4973
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.34168
PubMed ID:30080303

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