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Temporomandibular joint magnetic resonance imaging findings in adolescents with anterior disk displacement compared to those with juvenile idiopathic arthritis


Kellenberger, Christian J; Bucheli, Jeannine; Schroeder-Kohler, Silke; Saurenmann, Rotraud K; Colombo, Vera; Ettlin, Dominik A (2019). Temporomandibular joint magnetic resonance imaging findings in adolescents with anterior disk displacement compared to those with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 46(1):14-22.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Deformation of the mandibular condyle can be associated with anterior disk displacement (ADD) or involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Diagnostic differentiation is critical for proper management.
OBJECTIVES To compare morphology and inflammation between TMJs with ADD and JIA.
METHODS Retrospective assessment of contrast-enhanced TMJ MRI in 18 adolescents (15 female, mean age 15.1±1.9 years) with ADD and age- and gender-matched patients with JIA. Articular disk findings, inflammatory signs and osseous morphology were compared.
RESULTS In the ADD-group, 31/36 disks were displaced. 28/31 displaced disks showed thickening of the bilaminar zone. In JIA patients, the disks were mainly flattened (19/36), centrally perforated (12/36) and/or anteriorly displaced (2/36). 19/31 TMJs with ADD showed various degrees of inflammation, with joint effusion, synovial thickening and joint enhancement not significantly different from JIA patients. Osseous deformity was present in 27/31 TMJs with ADD, with frequent erosions in both groups (ADD 25/31; JIA 32/36, p=0.55) but lower grades of condylar and temporal bone flattening than in JIA (p≤0.001). Glenoid fossa depth was preserved in 28/31 joints with ADD and decreased in 26/36 joints with JIA (p<0.0001). Mandibular ramus height was decreased in both groups.
CONCLUSION In adolescents, inflammatory signs are common MRI findings in symptomatic TMJs with ADD and thus should not be considered diagnostic for JIA involvement. In this cohort, both entities had high rates of condylar deformity, while TMJs with ADD showed a better-preserved and often normal shape of the glenoid fossa. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Deformation of the mandibular condyle can be associated with anterior disk displacement (ADD) or involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Diagnostic differentiation is critical for proper management.
OBJECTIVES To compare morphology and inflammation between TMJs with ADD and JIA.
METHODS Retrospective assessment of contrast-enhanced TMJ MRI in 18 adolescents (15 female, mean age 15.1±1.9 years) with ADD and age- and gender-matched patients with JIA. Articular disk findings, inflammatory signs and osseous morphology were compared.
RESULTS In the ADD-group, 31/36 disks were displaced. 28/31 displaced disks showed thickening of the bilaminar zone. In JIA patients, the disks were mainly flattened (19/36), centrally perforated (12/36) and/or anteriorly displaced (2/36). 19/31 TMJs with ADD showed various degrees of inflammation, with joint effusion, synovial thickening and joint enhancement not significantly different from JIA patients. Osseous deformity was present in 27/31 TMJs with ADD, with frequent erosions in both groups (ADD 25/31; JIA 32/36, p=0.55) but lower grades of condylar and temporal bone flattening than in JIA (p≤0.001). Glenoid fossa depth was preserved in 28/31 joints with ADD and decreased in 26/36 joints with JIA (p<0.0001). Mandibular ramus height was decreased in both groups.
CONCLUSION In adolescents, inflammatory signs are common MRI findings in symptomatic TMJs with ADD and thus should not be considered diagnostic for JIA involvement. In this cohort, both entities had high rates of condylar deformity, while TMJs with ADD showed a better-preserved and often normal shape of the glenoid fossa. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Masticatory Disorders
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 2019
Deposited On:02 Oct 2018 15:04
Last Modified:17 May 2019 13:20
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0305-182X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12720
PubMed ID:30252949

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