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Longitudinal PET imaging of tumor hypoxia during the course of radiotherapy


Stieb, Sonja; Eleftheriou, Afroditi; Warnock, Geoffrey; Guckenberger, Matthias; Riesterer, Oliver (2018). Longitudinal PET imaging of tumor hypoxia during the course of radiotherapy. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 45(12):2201-2217.

Abstract

Hypoxia results from an imbalance between oxygen supply and consumption. It is a common phenomenon in solid malignant tumors such as head and neck cancer. As hypoxic cells are more resistant to therapy, tumor hypoxia is an indicator for poor prognosis. Several techniques have been developed to measure tissue oxygenation. These are the Eppendorf O2 polarographic needle electrode, immunohistochemical analysis of endogenous (e.g., hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1a)) and exogenous markers (e.g., pimonidazole) as well as imaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (e.g., blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) imaging, T1-weighted imaging) and hypoxia positron emission tomography (PET). Among the imaging modalities, only PET is sufficiently validated to detect hypoxia for clinical use. Hypoxia PET tracers include 18F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO), the most commonly used hypoxic marker, 18F-flouroazomycin arabinoside (FAZA), 18Ffluoroerythronitroimidazole (FETNIM), 18F-2-nitroimidazolpentafluoropropylacetamide (EF5) and 18F-flortanidazole (HX4). As technical development provides the opportunity to increase the radiation dose to subregions of the tumor, such as hypoxic areas, it has to be ensured that these regions are stable not only from imaging to treatment but also through the course of radiotherapy. The aim of this review is therefore to characterize the behavior of tumor hypoxia during radiotherapy for the whole tumor and for subregions by using hypoxia PET tracers, with focus on head and neck cancer patients.

Abstract

Hypoxia results from an imbalance between oxygen supply and consumption. It is a common phenomenon in solid malignant tumors such as head and neck cancer. As hypoxic cells are more resistant to therapy, tumor hypoxia is an indicator for poor prognosis. Several techniques have been developed to measure tissue oxygenation. These are the Eppendorf O2 polarographic needle electrode, immunohistochemical analysis of endogenous (e.g., hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1a)) and exogenous markers (e.g., pimonidazole) as well as imaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (e.g., blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) imaging, T1-weighted imaging) and hypoxia positron emission tomography (PET). Among the imaging modalities, only PET is sufficiently validated to detect hypoxia for clinical use. Hypoxia PET tracers include 18F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO), the most commonly used hypoxic marker, 18F-flouroazomycin arabinoside (FAZA), 18Ffluoroerythronitroimidazole (FETNIM), 18F-2-nitroimidazolpentafluoropropylacetamide (EF5) and 18F-flortanidazole (HX4). As technical development provides the opportunity to increase the radiation dose to subregions of the tumor, such as hypoxic areas, it has to be ensured that these regions are stable not only from imaging to treatment but also through the course of radiotherapy. The aim of this review is therefore to characterize the behavior of tumor hypoxia during radiotherapy for the whole tumor and for subregions by using hypoxia PET tracers, with focus on head and neck cancer patients.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Radiation Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:04 Oct 2018 09:50
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 07:49
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1619-7070
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-018-4116-y
PubMed ID:30128659

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