Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The Effect of Body Mass Index on Acute Cardiometabolic Responses to Graded Exercise Testing in Children: A Narrative Review


Nikolaidis, Pantelis T; Kintziou, Eleni; Georgoudis, Georgios; Afonso, José; Vancini, Rodrigo L; Knechtle, Beat (2018). The Effect of Body Mass Index on Acute Cardiometabolic Responses to Graded Exercise Testing in Children: A Narrative Review. Sports, 6(4):E103.

Abstract

Although the beneficial role of exercise for health is widely recognized, it is not clear to what extent the acute physiological responses (e.g., heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake (VO₂)) to a graded exercise test are influenced by nutritional status (i.e., overweight vs. normal-weight). Therefore, the main objectives of the present narrative review were to examine the effect of nutritional status on acute HR, and VO₂ responses of children to exercise testing. For this purpose, we examined existing literature using PubMed, ISI, Scopus, and Google Scholar search engines. Compared with their normal-body mass index (BMI) peers, a trend of higher HR, higher HR during submaximal exercise testing, and lower HR was observed among overweight and obese children (according to BMI). Independent from exercise mode (walking, running, cycling, or stepping), exercise testing was metabolically more demanding (i.e., higher VO₂) for obese and overweight children than for their normal-weight peers. Considering these cardiometabolic differences according to BMI in children might help exercise specialists to evaluate the outcome of a graded exercise test (GXT) (e.g., VO, HR) and to prescribe optimal exercise intensity in the context of development of exercise programs for the management of body mass.

Abstract

Although the beneficial role of exercise for health is widely recognized, it is not clear to what extent the acute physiological responses (e.g., heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake (VO₂)) to a graded exercise test are influenced by nutritional status (i.e., overweight vs. normal-weight). Therefore, the main objectives of the present narrative review were to examine the effect of nutritional status on acute HR, and VO₂ responses of children to exercise testing. For this purpose, we examined existing literature using PubMed, ISI, Scopus, and Google Scholar search engines. Compared with their normal-body mass index (BMI) peers, a trend of higher HR, higher HR during submaximal exercise testing, and lower HR was observed among overweight and obese children (according to BMI). Independent from exercise mode (walking, running, cycling, or stepping), exercise testing was metabolically more demanding (i.e., higher VO₂) for obese and overweight children than for their normal-weight peers. Considering these cardiometabolic differences according to BMI in children might help exercise specialists to evaluate the outcome of a graded exercise test (GXT) (e.g., VO, HR) and to prescribe optimal exercise intensity in the context of development of exercise programs for the management of body mass.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

39 downloads since deposited on 12 Oct 2018
36 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 September 2018
Deposited On:12 Oct 2018 09:42
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:48
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2075-4663
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6040103
PubMed ID:30241337

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'The Effect of Body Mass Index on Acute Cardiometabolic Responses to Graded Exercise Testing in Children: A Narrative Review'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 215kB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)