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Cell type-specific endometrial transcriptome changes during initial recognition of pregnancy in the mare


Scaravaggi, Iside; Borel, Nicole; Romer, Rebekka; Imboden, Isabel; Ulbrich, Susanne E; Zeng, Shuqin; Bollwein, Heiner; Bauersachs, Stefan (2019). Cell type-specific endometrial transcriptome changes during initial recognition of pregnancy in the mare. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 31(3):496.

Abstract

Previous endometrial gene expression studies during the time of conceptus migration did not provide final conclusions on the mechanisms of maternal recognition of pregnancy (MRP) in the mare. This called for a cell type-specific endometrial gene expression analysis in response to embryo signals to improve the understanding of gene expression regulation in the context of MRP. Laser capture microdissection was used to collect luminal epithelium (LE), glandular epithelium and stroma from endometrial biopsies from Day 12 of pregnancy and Day 12 of the oestrous cycle. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) showed greater expression differences between cell types than between pregnant and cyclic states; differences between the pregnant and cyclic states were mainly found in LE. Comparison with a previous RNA-Seq dataset for whole biopsy samples revealed the specific origin of gene expression differences. Furthermore, genes specifically differentially expressed (DE) in one cell type were found that were not detectable as DE in biopsies. Overall, this study revealed spatial information about endometrial gene expression during the phase of initial MRP. The conceptus induced changes in the expression of genes involved in blood vessel development, specific spatial regulation of the immune system, growth factors, regulation of prostaglandin synthesis, transport prostaglandin receptors, specifically prostaglandin F receptor (PTGFR) in the context of prevention of luteolysis.

Abstract

Previous endometrial gene expression studies during the time of conceptus migration did not provide final conclusions on the mechanisms of maternal recognition of pregnancy (MRP) in the mare. This called for a cell type-specific endometrial gene expression analysis in response to embryo signals to improve the understanding of gene expression regulation in the context of MRP. Laser capture microdissection was used to collect luminal epithelium (LE), glandular epithelium and stroma from endometrial biopsies from Day 12 of pregnancy and Day 12 of the oestrous cycle. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) showed greater expression differences between cell types than between pregnant and cyclic states; differences between the pregnant and cyclic states were mainly found in LE. Comparison with a previous RNA-Seq dataset for whole biopsy samples revealed the specific origin of gene expression differences. Furthermore, genes specifically differentially expressed (DE) in one cell type were found that were not detectable as DE in biopsies. Overall, this study revealed spatial information about endometrial gene expression during the phase of initial MRP. The conceptus induced changes in the expression of genes involved in blood vessel development, specific spatial regulation of the immune system, growth factors, regulation of prostaglandin synthesis, transport prostaglandin receptors, specifically prostaglandin F receptor (PTGFR) in the context of prevention of luteolysis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biotechnology, Developmental Biology, Animal Science and Zoology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Endocrinology, Reproductive Medicine, Equus caballus, laser capture microdissection, maternal recognition of pregnancy, RNA-seq, uterus
Language:English
Date:1 January 2019
Deposited On:05 Nov 2018 17:17
Last Modified:27 Feb 2020 08:13
Publisher:C S I R O Publishing
ISSN:1031-3613
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1071/rd18144
PubMed ID:30253121

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