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Preoperative Two-Dimensional Size of Glioblastoma is Associated with Patient Survival


Leu, Severina; Boulay, Jean-Louis; Thommen, Sarah; Bucher, Heiner C; Stippich, Christoph; Mariani, Luigi; Bink, Andrea (2018). Preoperative Two-Dimensional Size of Glioblastoma is Associated with Patient Survival. World Neurosurgery, 115:e448-e463.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Although tumor size affects survival of patients with lower-grade glioma, a prognostic effect on patients with glioblastoma remains to be established. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 61 patients using volumetric data of tumor compartments of 61 patients obtained by preoperative magnetic resonance images using the visual ABC/2 method. Preoperative enhancing, nonenhancing, necrosis, and edema volume, the preoperative tumor area (TA) as a product of the 2 largest tumor diameters perpendicular to each other on axial T1-weighted postcontrast images, as well as postoperative enhancing residual volumes, were measured. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to associate these parameters with overall survival, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS The median preoperative enhancing tumor volume was 18.2 mL (interquartile range, 8.2-41.7 mL); the median remnant tumor volume was 1.3% (interquartile range, 0.0%-42.9%). During follow-up, 59 patients (92%) died; median survival time and median follow-up time were both 404 days. We found a statistically significant multiplicative effect of TA on survival: the hazard ratio (HR) was increased by 1.096 per unit increase of 200 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.027-1.170; P < 0.01). The effect of remnant tumor on HR increased multiplicatively by 1.013 (95% CI, 1.001-1.026; P = 0.04) per unit increase of 1 log (day) and 1% in tumor remnant. HR associated with age at surgery increased by 1.503 per 5 years of age (95% CI, 1.243-1.817; P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS Preoperative TA proved to be the only glioblastoma size parameter that affects patient survival.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Although tumor size affects survival of patients with lower-grade glioma, a prognostic effect on patients with glioblastoma remains to be established. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 61 patients using volumetric data of tumor compartments of 61 patients obtained by preoperative magnetic resonance images using the visual ABC/2 method. Preoperative enhancing, nonenhancing, necrosis, and edema volume, the preoperative tumor area (TA) as a product of the 2 largest tumor diameters perpendicular to each other on axial T1-weighted postcontrast images, as well as postoperative enhancing residual volumes, were measured. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to associate these parameters with overall survival, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS The median preoperative enhancing tumor volume was 18.2 mL (interquartile range, 8.2-41.7 mL); the median remnant tumor volume was 1.3% (interquartile range, 0.0%-42.9%). During follow-up, 59 patients (92%) died; median survival time and median follow-up time were both 404 days. We found a statistically significant multiplicative effect of TA on survival: the hazard ratio (HR) was increased by 1.096 per unit increase of 200 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.027-1.170; P < 0.01). The effect of remnant tumor on HR increased multiplicatively by 1.013 (95% CI, 1.001-1.026; P = 0.04) per unit increase of 1 log (day) and 1% in tumor remnant. HR associated with age at surgery increased by 1.503 per 5 years of age (95% CI, 1.243-1.817; P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS Preoperative TA proved to be the only glioblastoma size parameter that affects patient survival.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2018
Deposited On:01 Nov 2018 12:22
Last Modified:27 Feb 2019 08:49
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1878-8750
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.04.067
PubMed ID:29678715

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