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Precision and reliability of liver iodine quantification from spectral detector CT: evidence from phantom and patient data


Große Hokamp, Nils; Abdullayev, Nuran; Persigehl, Thorsten; Schlaak, Max; Wybranski, Christian; Holz, Jasmin A; Streichert, Thomas; Alkadhi, Hatem; Maintz, David; Haneder, Stefan (2019). Precision and reliability of liver iodine quantification from spectral detector CT: evidence from phantom and patient data. European Radiology, 29(4):2098-2106.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To comprehensively assess precision, reproducibility, and repeatability of iodine maps from spectral detector CT (SDCT) in a phantom and in patients with repetitive examination of the abdomen. METHODS Seventy-seven patients who underwent examination two (n = 52) or three (n = 25) times according to clinical indications were included in this IRB-approved, retrospective study. The anthropomorphic liver phantom and all patients were scanned with a standardized protocol (SSDE in patients 15.8 mGy). In patients, i.v. contrast was administered and portal venous images were acquired using bolus-tracking technique. The phantom was scanned three times at three time points; in one acquisition, image reconstruction was repeated three times. Region of interest (ROI) were placed automatically (phantom) or manually (patients) in the liver parenchyma (mimic) and the portal vein; attenuation in conventional images (CI [HU]) and iodine map concentrations (IM [mg/ml]) were recorded. The coefficient of variation (CV [%]) was used to compare between repetitive acquisitions. If present, additional ROI were placed in cysts (n = 29) and hemangioma (n = 29). RESULTS Differences throughout all phantom examinations were < 2%. In patients, differences between two examinations were higher (CV for CI/IM: portal vein, 2.5%/3.2%; liver parenchyma, -0.5%/-3.0% for CI/IM). In 80% of patients, these differences were within a ± 20% limit. Differences in benign liver lesions were even higher (68% and 38%, for CI and IM, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Iodine maps from SDCT allow for reliable quantification of iodine content in phantoms; while in patients, rather large differences between repetitive examinations are likely due to differences in biological distribution. This underlines the need for careful clinical interpretation and further protocol optimization. KEY POINTS • Spectral detector computed tomography allows for reliable quantification of iodine in phantoms. • In patients, the offset between repetitive examinations varies by 20%, likely due to differences in biological distribution. • Clinically, iodine maps should be interpreted with caution and should take the intra-individual variability of iodine distribution over time into account.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To comprehensively assess precision, reproducibility, and repeatability of iodine maps from spectral detector CT (SDCT) in a phantom and in patients with repetitive examination of the abdomen. METHODS Seventy-seven patients who underwent examination two (n = 52) or three (n = 25) times according to clinical indications were included in this IRB-approved, retrospective study. The anthropomorphic liver phantom and all patients were scanned with a standardized protocol (SSDE in patients 15.8 mGy). In patients, i.v. contrast was administered and portal venous images were acquired using bolus-tracking technique. The phantom was scanned three times at three time points; in one acquisition, image reconstruction was repeated three times. Region of interest (ROI) were placed automatically (phantom) or manually (patients) in the liver parenchyma (mimic) and the portal vein; attenuation in conventional images (CI [HU]) and iodine map concentrations (IM [mg/ml]) were recorded. The coefficient of variation (CV [%]) was used to compare between repetitive acquisitions. If present, additional ROI were placed in cysts (n = 29) and hemangioma (n = 29). RESULTS Differences throughout all phantom examinations were < 2%. In patients, differences between two examinations were higher (CV for CI/IM: portal vein, 2.5%/3.2%; liver parenchyma, -0.5%/-3.0% for CI/IM). In 80% of patients, these differences were within a ± 20% limit. Differences in benign liver lesions were even higher (68% and 38%, for CI and IM, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Iodine maps from SDCT allow for reliable quantification of iodine content in phantoms; while in patients, rather large differences between repetitive examinations are likely due to differences in biological distribution. This underlines the need for careful clinical interpretation and further protocol optimization. KEY POINTS • Spectral detector computed tomography allows for reliable quantification of iodine in phantoms. • In patients, the offset between repetitive examinations varies by 20%, likely due to differences in biological distribution. • Clinically, iodine maps should be interpreted with caution and should take the intra-individual variability of iodine distribution over time into account.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 2019
Deposited On:01 Nov 2018 06:24
Last Modified:16 Mar 2019 02:02
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5744-0
PubMed ID:30324387

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