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Expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 and its receptor in preovulatory follicles and in the corpus luteum in the bitch


Balogh, Orsolya; Müller, Linda; Boos, Alois; Kowalewski, Mariusz P; Reichler, Iris M (2018). Expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 and its receptor in preovulatory follicles and in the corpus luteum in the bitch. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 269:68-74.

Abstract

In the bitch, ovarian follicular and corpus luteum (CL) development and function are regulated by gonadotropins as well as local factors, the role of which is especially important during the early CL phase of relative gonadotrophic independence. We assumed that insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) has a paracrine/autocrine regulatory role in ovarian follicular and luteal function in the dog. To address our hypothesis, we studied gene and protein expression of IGF1 and its receptor (IGF1R) in preovulatory follicles and in the CL of pregnant and non-pregnant dogs, and following antigestagen (aglepristone, progesterone receptor blocker) treatment in mid-gestation. Ovaries in the follicular phase were collected from five bitches. CL were collected on pregnancy Days 8–12 (pre-implantation), 18–25 (post-implantation), 35–40 (mid-gestation), at prepartum luteolysis, and 24 h and 72 h after aglepristone treatment in mid-gestation (n = 3–5 per group). From non-pregnant bitches, CL were collected on Days 5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 65 after ovulation (n = 4–5 per group). Semi-quantitative real-time (TaqMan) PCR and immunohistochemistry were applied. IGF1 immunostaining in preovulatory follicles seemed stronger in theca interna than granulosa cells. IGF1R signals appeared more intense in granulosa cells at the apical part of mural folds. In pregnant dogs, luteal IGF1 mRNA expression decreased significantly from pre-implantation to prepartum luteolysis, while IGF1R expression increased at prepartum luteolysis. Aglepristone treatment in mid-gestation had no effect on IGF1 and IGF1R mRNA levels. In non-pregnant bitches, highest IGF1 mRNA concentrations were found in the early CL and decreased by Days 45 and 65, while IGF1R expression did not change. In the CL of pregnant bitches, signals for IGF1 and IGF1R in luteal cells were strongest at pre- and post-implantation and weakest at prepartum luteolysis. IGF1 and IGF1R immunostaining was also detected in macrophages and in blood vessels. In conclusion, IGF1 may have a paracrine or autocrine role in granulosa and theca interna cells in preovulatory follicles. As IGF1 was highest represented in early luteal stages in pregnant and non-pregnant bitches, this may support a role for IGF1 in steroid synthesis, angiogenesis and cell proliferation as well as in immune function in the early canine CL. The unaffected mRNA levels after aglepristone treatment may support that IGF1 is not directly regulated by local progesterone in an auto- or paracrine manner.

Abstract

In the bitch, ovarian follicular and corpus luteum (CL) development and function are regulated by gonadotropins as well as local factors, the role of which is especially important during the early CL phase of relative gonadotrophic independence. We assumed that insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) has a paracrine/autocrine regulatory role in ovarian follicular and luteal function in the dog. To address our hypothesis, we studied gene and protein expression of IGF1 and its receptor (IGF1R) in preovulatory follicles and in the CL of pregnant and non-pregnant dogs, and following antigestagen (aglepristone, progesterone receptor blocker) treatment in mid-gestation. Ovaries in the follicular phase were collected from five bitches. CL were collected on pregnancy Days 8–12 (pre-implantation), 18–25 (post-implantation), 35–40 (mid-gestation), at prepartum luteolysis, and 24 h and 72 h after aglepristone treatment in mid-gestation (n = 3–5 per group). From non-pregnant bitches, CL were collected on Days 5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 65 after ovulation (n = 4–5 per group). Semi-quantitative real-time (TaqMan) PCR and immunohistochemistry were applied. IGF1 immunostaining in preovulatory follicles seemed stronger in theca interna than granulosa cells. IGF1R signals appeared more intense in granulosa cells at the apical part of mural folds. In pregnant dogs, luteal IGF1 mRNA expression decreased significantly from pre-implantation to prepartum luteolysis, while IGF1R expression increased at prepartum luteolysis. Aglepristone treatment in mid-gestation had no effect on IGF1 and IGF1R mRNA levels. In non-pregnant bitches, highest IGF1 mRNA concentrations were found in the early CL and decreased by Days 45 and 65, while IGF1R expression did not change. In the CL of pregnant bitches, signals for IGF1 and IGF1R in luteal cells were strongest at pre- and post-implantation and weakest at prepartum luteolysis. IGF1 and IGF1R immunostaining was also detected in macrophages and in blood vessels. In conclusion, IGF1 may have a paracrine or autocrine role in granulosa and theca interna cells in preovulatory follicles. As IGF1 was highest represented in early luteal stages in pregnant and non-pregnant bitches, this may support a role for IGF1 in steroid synthesis, angiogenesis and cell proliferation as well as in immune function in the early canine CL. The unaffected mRNA levels after aglepristone treatment may support that IGF1 is not directly regulated by local progesterone in an auto- or paracrine manner.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Anatomy
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dog; IGF1; IGF1R; Luteal phase; Ovary
Language:English
Date:1 December 2018
Deposited On:05 Nov 2018 17:28
Last Modified:28 Feb 2019 08:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0016-6480
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.08.016.
PubMed ID:30125572
Project Information:
  • : FunderUniversity of Zurich
  • : Grant IDFK-13-056
  • : Project TitleForschungskredit

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