Ions inside of fullerene molecules are model systems for the study of the electrostatic interaction across a single layer of carbon. For TbSc2N@C80 on h-BN/Ni(111), we observe with high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy a splitting of the C 1s core level. The data may be explained quantitatively with density functional theory. The correlation of the C 1s eigenvalues and the Coulomb potential of the inside ions at the corresponding carbon sites indicates incomplete screening of the electric field due to the endohedral ions. The screening comprises anisotropic charge transfer to the carbon atoms and their polarization. This behavior is essential for the ordering of endohedral single-molecule magnets and is expected to occur in any single-layer material.