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Correlation of listhesis on upright radiographs and central lumbar spinal canal stenosis on supine MRI: is it possible to predict lumbar spinal canal stenosis?


Finkenstaedt, Tim; Del Grande, Filippo; Bolog, Nicolae; Ulrich, Nils H; Tok, Sina; Burgstaller, Jakob M; Steurer, Johann; Chung, Christine B; Andreisek, Gustav; Winklhofer, Sebastian (2018). Correlation of listhesis on upright radiographs and central lumbar spinal canal stenosis on supine MRI: is it possible to predict lumbar spinal canal stenosis? Skeletal Radiology, 47(9):1269-1275.

Abstract

Objective To investigate whether upright radiographs can predict lumbar spinal canal stenosis using supine lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to investigate the detection performance for spondylolisthesis on upright radiographs compared with supine MRI in patients with suspected lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS).
Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, conventional radiographs and MR images of 143 consecutive patients with suspected LSS (75 female, mean age 72 years) were evaluated. The presence and extent of listhesis (median ± interquartile range) were assessed on upright radiographs and supine MRI of L4/5. In addition, the grade of central spinal stenosis of the same level was evaluated on MRI according to the classification of Schizas and correlated with the severity/grading of anterolisthesis on radiographs.
Results Anterolisthesis was detected in significantly more patients on radiographs (n = 54; 38%) compared with MRI (n = 28; 20%), p < 0.001. Pairwise comparison demonstrated a significantly larger extent of anterolisthesis on radiographs (9 ± 5 mm) compared with MRI (5 ± 3 mm), p < 0.001. A positive correlation was found regarding the extent of anterolisthesis measured on radiographs and the grade of stenosis on MRI (r = 0.563, p < 0.001). Applying a cutoff value of ≥5 mm anterolisthesis on radiographs results in a specificity of 90% and a positive predictive value of 78% for the detection of patients with LSS, as defined by the Schizas classification.
Conclusion Upright radiographs demonstrated more and larger extents of anterolisthesis compared with supine MRI. In addition, in patients with suspected LSS, the extent of anterolisthesis on radiographs (particularly ≥5 mm) is indicative of LSS and warrants lumbar spine MRI.

Abstract

Objective To investigate whether upright radiographs can predict lumbar spinal canal stenosis using supine lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to investigate the detection performance for spondylolisthesis on upright radiographs compared with supine MRI in patients with suspected lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS).
Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, conventional radiographs and MR images of 143 consecutive patients with suspected LSS (75 female, mean age 72 years) were evaluated. The presence and extent of listhesis (median ± interquartile range) were assessed on upright radiographs and supine MRI of L4/5. In addition, the grade of central spinal stenosis of the same level was evaluated on MRI according to the classification of Schizas and correlated with the severity/grading of anterolisthesis on radiographs.
Results Anterolisthesis was detected in significantly more patients on radiographs (n = 54; 38%) compared with MRI (n = 28; 20%), p < 0.001. Pairwise comparison demonstrated a significantly larger extent of anterolisthesis on radiographs (9 ± 5 mm) compared with MRI (5 ± 3 mm), p < 0.001. A positive correlation was found regarding the extent of anterolisthesis measured on radiographs and the grade of stenosis on MRI (r = 0.563, p < 0.001). Applying a cutoff value of ≥5 mm anterolisthesis on radiographs results in a specificity of 90% and a positive predictive value of 78% for the detection of patients with LSS, as defined by the Schizas classification.
Conclusion Upright radiographs demonstrated more and larger extents of anterolisthesis compared with supine MRI. In addition, in patients with suspected LSS, the extent of anterolisthesis on radiographs (particularly ≥5 mm) is indicative of LSS and warrants lumbar spine MRI.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 September 2018
Deposited On:30 Oct 2018 15:35
Last Modified:30 Oct 2018 15:45
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0364-2348
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-018-2935-3
PubMed ID:29651713

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