Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

IFNL3/4 polymorphisms are associated with AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma


Abstract

BACKGROUND Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), the most common AIDS related cancer, represents a major public concern in resource-limited countries. Single nucleotide polymorphisms within the Interferon lambda 3/4 region (IFNL3/4) determine the expression, function of IFNL4, and influence the clinical course of an increasing number of viral infections. OBJECTIVES To analyze whether IFNL3/4 variants are associated with susceptibility to AIDS-related KS among men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). METHODS The risk of developing KS according to the carriage of IFNL3/4 SNPs rs8099917 and rs12980275 and their haplotypic combinations was assessed by using cumulative incidence curves and Cox regression models, accounting for relevant co-variables. RESULTS KS was diagnosed in 221 of 2558 MSM Caucasian SHCS participants. Both rs12980275 and rs8099917 were associated with an increased risk of KS (cumulative incidence 15% versus 10%, P = 0.01 and 16% versus 10%, P = 0.009 respectively). Diplotypes predicted to produce the active P70 form (cumulative incidence 16% versus 10%, P = 0.01) but not the less active S70 (cumulative incidence 11% versus 10%, P = 0.7) form of IFNL4 were associated with an increased risk of KS, compared to those predicted not to produce IFNL4.The associations remained significant in a multivariate Cox regression model after adjustment for age at infection, combination antiretroviral therapy, median CD4 T-cell count nadir and CD4 slopes (HR = 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.93, P = 0.02 for IFLN P70 versus no IFNL4). CONCLUSION This study reports for the first time an association between IFNL3/4 polymorphisms and susceptibility to AIDS-related KS.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), the most common AIDS related cancer, represents a major public concern in resource-limited countries. Single nucleotide polymorphisms within the Interferon lambda 3/4 region (IFNL3/4) determine the expression, function of IFNL4, and influence the clinical course of an increasing number of viral infections. OBJECTIVES To analyze whether IFNL3/4 variants are associated with susceptibility to AIDS-related KS among men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). METHODS The risk of developing KS according to the carriage of IFNL3/4 SNPs rs8099917 and rs12980275 and their haplotypic combinations was assessed by using cumulative incidence curves and Cox regression models, accounting for relevant co-variables. RESULTS KS was diagnosed in 221 of 2558 MSM Caucasian SHCS participants. Both rs12980275 and rs8099917 were associated with an increased risk of KS (cumulative incidence 15% versus 10%, P = 0.01 and 16% versus 10%, P = 0.009 respectively). Diplotypes predicted to produce the active P70 form (cumulative incidence 16% versus 10%, P = 0.01) but not the less active S70 (cumulative incidence 11% versus 10%, P = 0.7) form of IFNL4 were associated with an increased risk of KS, compared to those predicted not to produce IFNL4.The associations remained significant in a multivariate Cox regression model after adjustment for age at infection, combination antiretroviral therapy, median CD4 T-cell count nadir and CD4 slopes (HR = 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.93, P = 0.02 for IFLN P70 versus no IFNL4). CONCLUSION This study reports for the first time an association between IFNL3/4 polymorphisms and susceptibility to AIDS-related KS.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

13 downloads since deposited on 02 Nov 2018
13 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:02 Nov 2018 14:02
Last Modified:07 Nov 2018 02:06
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0269-9370
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002004
PubMed ID:30234607

Download

Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only until 17 September 2019
Size: 44kB
View at publisher
Embargo till: 2019-09-17
Download PDF  'IFNL3/4 polymorphisms are associated with AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 211kB