Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Randomized controlled clinical study of veneered zirconia abutments for single implant crowns: Clinical, histological, and microbiological outcomes


Thoma, Daniel S; Sailer, Irena; Mühlemann, Sven; Gil, Alfonso; Jung, Ronald E; Hämmerle, Christoph H F (2018). Randomized controlled clinical study of veneered zirconia abutments for single implant crowns: Clinical, histological, and microbiological outcomes. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 20(6):988-996.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To analyze the effect of veneering of the submucosal part of zirconia abutments and the type of retention (cemented vs screw-retained) on clinical, microbiological, and histological outcomes of single-tooth implant crowns. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 44 patients with a single missing tooth to be replaced by an implant in the anterior region participated in the study. Implants were randomly assigned to receive zirconia-based CAD/CAM reconstructions using either one of four treatment modalities: cement-retained with submucosal veneering (CR-P), cement-retained without submucosal veneering (CR-W), screw-retained with submucosal veneering (SR-P), and screw-retained without submucosal veneering (SR-W). Clinical parameters were assessed at baseline (after crown insertion), at 6 and 12 months. Histological and microbiological analyses were performed at 6 months. Descriptive statistics and the Kruskal-Wallis test were applied. RESULTS The clinical evaluation revealed, in general, stable peri-implant soft tissues with minimal differences for all measured parameters between the four groups, except for bleeding on probing with the two cemented groups exhibiting higher values at 12 months (35.0% ± 26.5% for CR-W and 25.0% ± 38.8% for CR-P versus 13.1 ± 14.8 for SR-W and 13.0 ± 18.2 for SR-P). The descriptive and semi-quantitative histology showed a trend for a higher inflammatory reaction in the two cemented (a medium to high number of inflammatory cells) compared to the screw-retained groups (low number of inflammatory cells) at 6 months. The microbiological test demonstrated low bacterial counts and a similar distribution in between the groups except for two species (Tannerella forsythia and Peptostreptococcus micros) that were found in higher counts in the cemented groups at 6 months. CONCLUSION Submucosal veneering of zirconia abutments did not negatively affect the health of the peri-implant tissues. The cemented groups, though, did show a clinical and histological trend to higher levels of inflammation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To analyze the effect of veneering of the submucosal part of zirconia abutments and the type of retention (cemented vs screw-retained) on clinical, microbiological, and histological outcomes of single-tooth implant crowns. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 44 patients with a single missing tooth to be replaced by an implant in the anterior region participated in the study. Implants were randomly assigned to receive zirconia-based CAD/CAM reconstructions using either one of four treatment modalities: cement-retained with submucosal veneering (CR-P), cement-retained without submucosal veneering (CR-W), screw-retained with submucosal veneering (SR-P), and screw-retained without submucosal veneering (SR-W). Clinical parameters were assessed at baseline (after crown insertion), at 6 and 12 months. Histological and microbiological analyses were performed at 6 months. Descriptive statistics and the Kruskal-Wallis test were applied. RESULTS The clinical evaluation revealed, in general, stable peri-implant soft tissues with minimal differences for all measured parameters between the four groups, except for bleeding on probing with the two cemented groups exhibiting higher values at 12 months (35.0% ± 26.5% for CR-W and 25.0% ± 38.8% for CR-P versus 13.1 ± 14.8 for SR-W and 13.0 ± 18.2 for SR-P). The descriptive and semi-quantitative histology showed a trend for a higher inflammatory reaction in the two cemented (a medium to high number of inflammatory cells) compared to the screw-retained groups (low number of inflammatory cells) at 6 months. The microbiological test demonstrated low bacterial counts and a similar distribution in between the groups except for two species (Tannerella forsythia and Peptostreptococcus micros) that were found in higher counts in the cemented groups at 6 months. CONCLUSION Submucosal veneering of zirconia abutments did not negatively affect the health of the peri-implant tissues. The cemented groups, though, did show a clinical and histological trend to higher levels of inflammation.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

4 downloads since deposited on 15 Nov 2018
4 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 December 2018
Deposited On:15 Nov 2018 08:25
Last Modified:07 Dec 2018 02:04
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1523-0899
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/cid.12674
PubMed ID:30328283

Download