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Missed clinical clues in patients with pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma discovered by imaging


Rogowski-Lehmann, Natalie; Geroula, Aikaterini; Prejbisz, Aleksander; et al; Beuschlein, Felix (2018). Missed clinical clues in patients with pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma discovered by imaging. Endocrine Connections, 7(11):1168-1177.

Abstract

CONTEXT Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare but potentially harmful tumors that can vary in their clinical presentation. Tumors may be found due to signs and symptoms, as part of a hereditary syndrome or following an imaging procedure. OBJECTIVE To investigate potential differences in clinical presentation between PPGLs discovered by imaging (iPPGLs), symptomatic cases (sPPGLs) and those diagnosed during follow-up because of earlier disease/known hereditary mutations (fPPGL). DESIGN Prospective study protocol, which has enrolled patients from 6 European centers with confirmed PPGLs. SETTING AND PATIENTS Data were analyzed from 235 patients (37% iPPGLs, 36% sPPGLs, 27% fPPGLs) and compared for tumor volume, biochemical profile, mutation status, presence of metastases and self-reported symptoms. RESULTS iPPGL patients were diagnosed at a significantly higher age than fPPGLs (p<0.001), found to have larger tumors (p=0.003) and higher metanephrine and normetanephrine levels at diagnosis (p=0.021). Significantly lower than in sPPGL, there was a relevant number of self-reported symptoms in iPPGL (2.9 vs. 4.3 symptoms, p<0.001). In 16.2% of iPPGL, mutations in susceptibility genes were detected, although this proportion was lower than in fPPGL (60.9%) and sPPGL (21.5%). CONCLUSIONS Patients with PPGLs detected by imaging were older, have higher tumor volume and more excessive hormonal secretion in comparison to those found as part of a surveillance program. Presence of typical symptoms indicates that in a relevant proportion of those patients the PPGL diagnosis had been delayed. Précis: Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma discovered by imaging are often symptomatic and carry a significant proportion of germline mutations in susceptibility genes.

Abstract

CONTEXT Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare but potentially harmful tumors that can vary in their clinical presentation. Tumors may be found due to signs and symptoms, as part of a hereditary syndrome or following an imaging procedure. OBJECTIVE To investigate potential differences in clinical presentation between PPGLs discovered by imaging (iPPGLs), symptomatic cases (sPPGLs) and those diagnosed during follow-up because of earlier disease/known hereditary mutations (fPPGL). DESIGN Prospective study protocol, which has enrolled patients from 6 European centers with confirmed PPGLs. SETTING AND PATIENTS Data were analyzed from 235 patients (37% iPPGLs, 36% sPPGLs, 27% fPPGLs) and compared for tumor volume, biochemical profile, mutation status, presence of metastases and self-reported symptoms. RESULTS iPPGL patients were diagnosed at a significantly higher age than fPPGLs (p<0.001), found to have larger tumors (p=0.003) and higher metanephrine and normetanephrine levels at diagnosis (p=0.021). Significantly lower than in sPPGL, there was a relevant number of self-reported symptoms in iPPGL (2.9 vs. 4.3 symptoms, p<0.001). In 16.2% of iPPGL, mutations in susceptibility genes were detected, although this proportion was lower than in fPPGL (60.9%) and sPPGL (21.5%). CONCLUSIONS Patients with PPGLs detected by imaging were older, have higher tumor volume and more excessive hormonal secretion in comparison to those found as part of a surveillance program. Presence of typical symptoms indicates that in a relevant proportion of those patients the PPGL diagnosis had been delayed. Précis: Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma discovered by imaging are often symptomatic and carry a significant proportion of germline mutations in susceptibility genes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 12:32
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 01:17
Publisher:BioScientifica Ltd.
ISSN:2049-3614
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1530/EC-18-0318
PubMed ID:30352425

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