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Disturbed sphingolipid metabolism with elevated 1-deoxysphingolipids in glycogen storage disease type I – A link to metabolic control


Hornemann, Thorsten; Alecu, Irina; Hagenbuch, Niels; Zhakupova, Assem; Cremonesi, Alessio; Gautschi, Matthias; Jung, Hans H; Meienberg, Fabian; Bilz, Stefan; Christ, Emanuel; Baumgartner, Matthias R; Hochuli, Michel (2018). Disturbed sphingolipid metabolism with elevated 1-deoxysphingolipids in glycogen storage disease type I – A link to metabolic control. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 125(1/2):73-78.

Abstract

Background 1-Deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs) are atypical sphingolipids. They are formed during sphingolipid de novo synthesis by the enzyme serine palmitoyltransferase, due to the alternate use of alanine over its canonical substrate serine. Pathologically elevated 1-deoxySL are involved in several neurological and metabolic disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of 1-deoxySL in glycogen storage disease type I (GSDI).
Methods In this prospective, longitudinal observational study (median follow-up 1.8y), the plasma 1-deoxySL profile was analyzed in 15 adult GSDI patients (12 GSDIa, 3 GSDIb), and 31 healthy controls, along with standard parameters for monitoring GSDI.
Results 1-Deoxysphinganine (1-deoxySA) concentrations were elevated in GSDI compared to controls (191 ± 129 vs 35 ± 14 nmol/l, p < 0.0001). Concordant with the mechanism of 1-deoxySL synthesis, plasma alanine was higher (625 ± 182 vs 398 ± 90 μmol/l, p < 0.0001), while serine was lower in GSDI than in controls (88 ± 22 vs 110 ± 18 μmol/l. p < 0.001). Accordingly, serine, alanine and triglycerides were determinants of 1-deoxySA in the longitudinal analysis of GSDIa. 1-deoxySA concentrations correlated with the occurrence of low blood glucose (area under the curve below 4 mmol/l) in continuous glucose monitoring. The 1-deoxySL profile in GSDIb was distinct from GSDIa, with a different ratio of saturated to unsaturated 1-deoxySL.
Conclusion In addition to the known abnormalities of lipoproteins, GSDI patients also have a disturbed sphingolipid metabolism with elevated plasma 1-deoxySL concentrations. 1-DeoxySA relates to the occurrence of low blood glucose, and may constitute a potential new biomarker for assessing metabolic control. GSDIa and Ib have distinct 1-deoxySL profiles indicating that both GSD subtypes have diverse phenotypes regarding lipid metabolism.

Abstract

Background 1-Deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySLs) are atypical sphingolipids. They are formed during sphingolipid de novo synthesis by the enzyme serine palmitoyltransferase, due to the alternate use of alanine over its canonical substrate serine. Pathologically elevated 1-deoxySL are involved in several neurological and metabolic disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of 1-deoxySL in glycogen storage disease type I (GSDI).
Methods In this prospective, longitudinal observational study (median follow-up 1.8y), the plasma 1-deoxySL profile was analyzed in 15 adult GSDI patients (12 GSDIa, 3 GSDIb), and 31 healthy controls, along with standard parameters for monitoring GSDI.
Results 1-Deoxysphinganine (1-deoxySA) concentrations were elevated in GSDI compared to controls (191 ± 129 vs 35 ± 14 nmol/l, p < 0.0001). Concordant with the mechanism of 1-deoxySL synthesis, plasma alanine was higher (625 ± 182 vs 398 ± 90 μmol/l, p < 0.0001), while serine was lower in GSDI than in controls (88 ± 22 vs 110 ± 18 μmol/l. p < 0.001). Accordingly, serine, alanine and triglycerides were determinants of 1-deoxySA in the longitudinal analysis of GSDIa. 1-deoxySA concentrations correlated with the occurrence of low blood glucose (area under the curve below 4 mmol/l) in continuous glucose monitoring. The 1-deoxySL profile in GSDIb was distinct from GSDIa, with a different ratio of saturated to unsaturated 1-deoxySL.
Conclusion In addition to the known abnormalities of lipoproteins, GSDI patients also have a disturbed sphingolipid metabolism with elevated plasma 1-deoxySL concentrations. 1-DeoxySA relates to the occurrence of low blood glucose, and may constitute a potential new biomarker for assessing metabolic control. GSDIa and Ib have distinct 1-deoxySL profiles indicating that both GSD subtypes have diverse phenotypes regarding lipid metabolism.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Endocrinology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2018
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 09:11
Last Modified:13 Feb 2019 04:13
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1096-7192
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.07.003
PubMed ID:30037504

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