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The Mycobacterial LexA/RecA-Independent DNA Damage Response Is Controlled by PafBC and the Pup-Proteasome System


Müller, Andreas U; Imkamp, Frank; Weber-Ban, Eilika (2018). The Mycobacterial LexA/RecA-Independent DNA Damage Response Is Controlled by PafBC and the Pup-Proteasome System. Cell Reports, 23(12):3551-3564.

Abstract

Mycobacteria exhibit two DNA damage response pathways: the LexA/RecA-dependent SOS response and a LexA/RecA-independent pathway. Using a combination of transcriptomics and genome-wide binding site analysis, we demonstrate that PafBC (proteasome accessory factor B and C), encoded in the Pup-proteasome system (PPS) gene locus, is the transcriptional regulator of the predominant LexA/RecA-independent pathway. Comparison of the resulting PafBC regulon with the DNA damage response of Mycobacterium smegmatis reveals that the majority of induced DNA repair genes are upregulated by PafBC. We further demonstrate that RecA, a member of the PafBC regulon and principal regulator of the SOS response, is degraded by the PPS when DNA damage stress has been overcome. Our results suggest a model for the regulation of the mycobacterial DNA damage response that employs the concerted action of PafBC as master transcriptional activator and the PPS for removal of DNA repair proteins to maintain a temporally controlled stress response.

Abstract

Mycobacteria exhibit two DNA damage response pathways: the LexA/RecA-dependent SOS response and a LexA/RecA-independent pathway. Using a combination of transcriptomics and genome-wide binding site analysis, we demonstrate that PafBC (proteasome accessory factor B and C), encoded in the Pup-proteasome system (PPS) gene locus, is the transcriptional regulator of the predominant LexA/RecA-independent pathway. Comparison of the resulting PafBC regulon with the DNA damage response of Mycobacterium smegmatis reveals that the majority of induced DNA repair genes are upregulated by PafBC. We further demonstrate that RecA, a member of the PafBC regulon and principal regulator of the SOS response, is degraded by the PPS when DNA damage stress has been overcome. Our results suggest a model for the regulation of the mycobacterial DNA damage response that employs the concerted action of PafBC as master transcriptional activator and the PPS for removal of DNA repair proteins to maintain a temporally controlled stress response.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:19 June 2018
Deposited On:22 Nov 2018 14:14
Last Modified:22 Nov 2018 14:18
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:2211-1247
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2018.05.073
PubMed ID:29924998

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