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Cognitive and personality determinants of safe driving performance in professional drivers


Vetter, Marco; Schünemann, Alexander Leonard; Brieber, David; Debelak, Rudolf; Gatscha, Michael; Grünsteidel, Franziska; Herle, Margit; Mandler, Georg; Ortner, Tuulia M (2018). Cognitive and personality determinants of safe driving performance in professional drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 52:191-201.

Abstract

Large truck and bus crashes still cause a high rate of fatalities and costs. Considering that the human factor plays an important role it is obvious that there is great interest in predicting safe driving performance in professional drivers, especially with new technologies emerging to assist drivers. This study uses a modern theoretical framework to assess which psychometric tests are still able to predict safe driving performance in today’s professional drivers under these new circumstances.

126 male professional bus drivers completed a standardized digital test battery and three driving exercises. The test battery was used to assess reaction time, concentration, ability to gain an overview, reactive stress tolerance, logical reasoning, and safety-related personality traits. The exercises consisted of an on-road driving test, an obstacle course, and a maneuvering course.

The study yielded satisfactory indicators of criterion related validity. It also showed that different tests were relevant for the prediction of safe driving performance in different driving exercises. Contrary to previous research, logical reasoning showed significant effects. The results indicate that in order to assess safe driving performance in professional drivers, a comprehensive assessment with psychometric tests should be recommended.

Abstract

Large truck and bus crashes still cause a high rate of fatalities and costs. Considering that the human factor plays an important role it is obvious that there is great interest in predicting safe driving performance in professional drivers, especially with new technologies emerging to assist drivers. This study uses a modern theoretical framework to assess which psychometric tests are still able to predict safe driving performance in today’s professional drivers under these new circumstances.

126 male professional bus drivers completed a standardized digital test battery and three driving exercises. The test battery was used to assess reaction time, concentration, ability to gain an overview, reactive stress tolerance, logical reasoning, and safety-related personality traits. The exercises consisted of an on-road driving test, an obstacle course, and a maneuvering course.

The study yielded satisfactory indicators of criterion related validity. It also showed that different tests were relevant for the prediction of safe driving performance in different driving exercises. Contrary to previous research, logical reasoning showed significant effects. The results indicate that in order to assess safe driving performance in professional drivers, a comprehensive assessment with psychometric tests should be recommended.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Applied Psychology, Automotive Engineering, Transportation
Language:English
Date:1 January 2018
Deposited On:20 Nov 2018 09:46
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:52
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1369-8478
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2017.11.008
Project Information:
  • : FunderSCHUHFRIED GmbH, Mödling, Austria
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title

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