Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and their conjugation to biological samples have numerous potential applications. When combined with cryo-electron microscopy and tomography analysis, AuNPs may provide a versatile and powerful tool to identify and precisely localize proteins even when attached to cellular components. Here, we describe a general and facile approach for the synthesis of homogeneous and stable AuNPs, which can readily be conjugated to a molecule of interest and imaged by cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET). We demonstrate the synthesis of 2.2 ± 0.45-nm tiopronin-protected AuNPs, followed by their conjugation with recombinant proteins and peptides. Visualization of the ∼2.2-nm gold-tagged peptides by cryo-ET reveals the potential use of this strategy to label and localize accessible proteins in a cellular environment with nanometric resolution.