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Eribulin Does Not Prevent Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in HT-29 Intestinal Epithelial Cells


Leutenegger, Martin; Bruckner, Ramona; Spalinger, Marianne R; Lang, Silvia; Rogler, Gerhard; Scharl, Michael (2018). Eribulin Does Not Prevent Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in HT-29 Intestinal Epithelial Cells. Inflammatory Intestinal Diseases, 2(4):211-218.

Abstract

Background Fistula formation affects up to 50$ of Crohn's disease (CD) patients and causes considerable morbidity. Current pharmacological management mainly includes antibiotics, immunosuppressives, and anti-TNF antibodies. CD fistulas develop from intestinal epithelial cells undergoing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). TGFβ, the most important inducer of EMT, is detectable around CD fistula tracts and induces expression of the EMT-associated transcription factors SNAIL1 and SLUG as well as of IL-13. Conversely, together with TNF, IL-13 induces the expression of the transcription factor Ets-1 and β6-integrin, which are associated with cell invasiveness. Eribulin is a synthetic derivative of halichondrin B, a large polyether macrolide, which reverses EMT in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Here, we investigated whether Eribulin might be a potential therapeutic option for CD fistulas via the inhibition of EMT. Summary Chronic treatment with high concentrations of Eribulin (> 5 ng/ml) is toxic for intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), and Eribulin treatment does not decrease the mRNA expression of EMT markers in HT-29 monolayers nor prevent EMT in HT-29 spheroids. Together with TNF, Eribulin induces the expression of vimentin and SLUG mRNA in HT-29 spheroids but concomitantly also promotes E-cadherin expression. Key Messages Our data suggest that the previously reported antimetastatic effect of Eribulin in TNBC by reversing EMT does not apply to IEC. Interestingly, Eribulin promotes E-cadherin expression, suggesting an additional mechanism. The increase of E-cadherin might point towards the described role for Eribulin in reversing EMT. Taken together, our data do not support a role for Eribulin as treatment option for CD-associated fistulas.

Abstract

Background Fistula formation affects up to 50$ of Crohn's disease (CD) patients and causes considerable morbidity. Current pharmacological management mainly includes antibiotics, immunosuppressives, and anti-TNF antibodies. CD fistulas develop from intestinal epithelial cells undergoing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). TGFβ, the most important inducer of EMT, is detectable around CD fistula tracts and induces expression of the EMT-associated transcription factors SNAIL1 and SLUG as well as of IL-13. Conversely, together with TNF, IL-13 induces the expression of the transcription factor Ets-1 and β6-integrin, which are associated with cell invasiveness. Eribulin is a synthetic derivative of halichondrin B, a large polyether macrolide, which reverses EMT in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Here, we investigated whether Eribulin might be a potential therapeutic option for CD fistulas via the inhibition of EMT. Summary Chronic treatment with high concentrations of Eribulin (> 5 ng/ml) is toxic for intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), and Eribulin treatment does not decrease the mRNA expression of EMT markers in HT-29 monolayers nor prevent EMT in HT-29 spheroids. Together with TNF, Eribulin induces the expression of vimentin and SLUG mRNA in HT-29 spheroids but concomitantly also promotes E-cadherin expression. Key Messages Our data suggest that the previously reported antimetastatic effect of Eribulin in TNBC by reversing EMT does not apply to IEC. Interestingly, Eribulin promotes E-cadherin expression, suggesting an additional mechanism. The increase of E-cadherin might point towards the described role for Eribulin in reversing EMT. Taken together, our data do not support a role for Eribulin as treatment option for CD-associated fistulas.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2018
Deposited On:30 Nov 2018 10:16
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 01:19
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:2296-9403
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000490052
PubMed ID:30221148

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