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Severity of local inflammation does not impact development of fibrosis in mouse models of intestinal fibrosis


Hünerwadel, A; Fagagnini, S; Rogler, G; Lutz, C; Jaeger, S U; Mamie, C; Weder, B; Ruiz, P A; Hausmann, M (2018). Severity of local inflammation does not impact development of fibrosis in mouse models of intestinal fibrosis. Scientific Reports, 8:15182.

Abstract

Intestinal fibrosis is thought to be a consequence of excessive tissue repair, and constitutes a common problem in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). While fibrosis seems to require inflammation as a prerequisite it is unclear whether the severity or persistence of inflammation influences the degree of fibrosis. Our aim was to investigate the role of sustained inflammation in fibrogenesis. For the initiation of fibrosis in vivo the models of Il10 spontaneous colitis, dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced chronic colitis and heterotopic transplantation were used. In Il10 mice, we determined a positive correlation between expression of pro-inflammatory factors (Il1β, Tnf, Ifnγ, Mcp1 and Il6). We also found a positive correlation between the expression of pro-fibrotic factors (Col3a1 Col1a1, Tgfβ and αSma). In contrast, no significant correlation was determined between the expression of pro-inflammatory Tnf and pro-fibrotic αSma, Col1a1, Col3a1, collagen layer thickness and the hydroxyproline (HYP) content. Results from the DSS-induced chronic colitis model confirmed this finding. In the transplantation model for intestinal fibrosis a pronounced increase in Mcp1, inos and Il6 in Il10 as compared to WT grafts was observed, indicating more severe inflammation in Il10 grafts. However, the increase of collagen over time was virtually identical in both Il10 and WT grafts. Severity of inflammation during onset of fibrogenesis did not correlate with collagen deposition. Although inflammation might be a pre-requisite for the initiation of fibrosis our data suggest that it has a minor impact on the progression of fibrosis. Our results suggest that development of fibrosis and inflammation may be disconnected. This may be important for explaining the inefficacy of anti-inflammatory treatments agents in most cases of fibrotic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).

Abstract

Intestinal fibrosis is thought to be a consequence of excessive tissue repair, and constitutes a common problem in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). While fibrosis seems to require inflammation as a prerequisite it is unclear whether the severity or persistence of inflammation influences the degree of fibrosis. Our aim was to investigate the role of sustained inflammation in fibrogenesis. For the initiation of fibrosis in vivo the models of Il10 spontaneous colitis, dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced chronic colitis and heterotopic transplantation were used. In Il10 mice, we determined a positive correlation between expression of pro-inflammatory factors (Il1β, Tnf, Ifnγ, Mcp1 and Il6). We also found a positive correlation between the expression of pro-fibrotic factors (Col3a1 Col1a1, Tgfβ and αSma). In contrast, no significant correlation was determined between the expression of pro-inflammatory Tnf and pro-fibrotic αSma, Col1a1, Col3a1, collagen layer thickness and the hydroxyproline (HYP) content. Results from the DSS-induced chronic colitis model confirmed this finding. In the transplantation model for intestinal fibrosis a pronounced increase in Mcp1, inos and Il6 in Il10 as compared to WT grafts was observed, indicating more severe inflammation in Il10 grafts. However, the increase of collagen over time was virtually identical in both Il10 and WT grafts. Severity of inflammation during onset of fibrogenesis did not correlate with collagen deposition. Although inflammation might be a pre-requisite for the initiation of fibrosis our data suggest that it has a minor impact on the progression of fibrosis. Our results suggest that development of fibrosis and inflammation may be disconnected. This may be important for explaining the inefficacy of anti-inflammatory treatments agents in most cases of fibrotic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:12 October 2018
Deposited On:30 Nov 2018 11:50
Last Modified:28 Feb 2019 08:18
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33452-5
PubMed ID:30315190

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